Determining the presence of cancer as well as its type and malignancy in minutes instead of weeks

This is not just another tool to image cancer. The probe is a two-for-one: detect cancer and distinguish one type from another. Together, they develop a cancer fingerprint. Determining the presence of cancer, as well as its type and malignancy, is a stressful process for patients that can take up to two weeks to get

Determining the presence of cancer as well as its type and malignancy in minutes instead of weeks

A way to verify without revealing secrets for nuclear weapons reduction

New isotope-detection method could prove compliance but avoid divulging secrets. In past negotiations aimed at reducing the arsenals of the world’s nuclear superpowers, chiefly the U.S. and Russia, a major sticking point has been the verification process: How do you prove that real bombs and nuclear devices — not just replicas — have been destroyed,

A way to verify without revealing secrets for nuclear weapons reduction

Breakthrough: Silicon chips that can communicate with light and are no more expensive than current chip technology

New manufacturing process will enable photonic communication in consumer devices A new microchip technology capable of optically transferring data could solve a severe bottleneck in current devices by speeding data transfer and reducing energy consumption by orders of magnitude, according to an article published in the April 19, 2018 issue of Nature. Researchers from Boston University, Massachusetts Institute of

Breakthrough: Silicon chips that can communicate with light and are no more expensive than current chip technology

A portable device that could sniff out trapped humans caught up in disasters

The first step after buildings collapse from an earthquake, bombing or other disaster is to rescue people who could be trapped in the rubble. But finding entrapped humans among the ruins can be challenging. Scientists now report in the ACS journal Analytical Chemistry the development of an inexpensive, selective sensor that is light and portable enough for

A portable device that could sniff out trapped humans caught up in disasters

Squeezing light to one atom will pave the way to ultra-small optical switches, detectors and sensors

In a recent study published in Science, researchers at ICFO – The Institute of Photonic Sciences in Barcelona, Spain, along with other members of the Graphene Flagship, reached the ultimate level of light confinement. They have been able to confine light down to a space one atom, the smallest possible. This will pave the way

Squeezing light to one atom will pave the way to ultra-small optical switches, detectors and sensors

Could Adenovirus be used to treat cancer?

Adenovirus is a common virus that causes infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, eyes and gastrointestinal tract in humans and animals. Researchers at Umeå University study molecular mechanisms of infection in order to understand how adenovirus causes disease. The researchers in Umeå, together with research groups from Germany, the UK and Hungary, have now discovered

Could Adenovirus be used to treat cancer?

Wisdom of the crowd corrected for bias gets accurate

In 1907, a statistician named Francis Galton recorded the entries from a weight-judging competition as people guessed the weight of an ox. Galton analyzed hundreds of estimates and found that while individual guesses varied wildly, the median of the entries was surprisingly accurate and within one percent of the ox’s real weight. When Galton published

Wisdom of the crowd corrected for bias gets accurate

A deep neural network can perform sensory tasks that matter to humans and that do so at human levels

Neuroscientists train a deep neural network to analyze speech and music. Using a machine-learning system known as a deep neural network, MIT researchers have created the first model that can replicate human performance on auditory tasks such as identifying a musical genre. This model, which consists of many layers of information-processing units that can be

A deep neural network can perform sensory tasks that matter to humans and that do so at human levels

Could altering the obese microbiome protect against osteoarthritis?

A Prebiotic May Alter the Obese Microbiome and Protect Against Osteoarthritis Bacteria in the gut, known as the gut microbiome, could be the culprit behind arthritis and joint pain that plagues people who are obese, according to a new study published today in JCI Insight. Osteoarthritis, a common side effect of obesity, is the greatest cause

Could altering the obese microbiome protect against osteoarthritis?

HD video streaming at 10,000 times lower power will transform industry

Wearable cameras such as Snap Spectacles promise to share videos of live concerts or surgeries instantaneously with the world. But because these cameras must use smaller batteries to stay lightweight and functional, these devices can’t perform high-definition video streaming. Now, engineers at the University of Washington have developed a new HD video streaming method that

HD video streaming at 10,000 times lower power will transform industry

Adding optical components to existing microprocessor designs opens up new opportunities

Technique would allow addition of optical communication components to existing chips with little modification of their designs. Two and a half years ago, a team of researchers led by groups at MIT, the University of California at Berkeley, and Boston University announced a milestone: the fabrication of a working microprocessor, built using only existing manufacturing processes,

Adding optical components to existing microprocessor designs opens up new opportunities

First fully 3-D printed active materials for robots breaks through current flexibility and motion limitations

To overcome the material rigidity and actuation limitations in current robotic systems, a joint U.S. Army Research Laboratory and University of Minnesota research project sought inspiration from invertebrates. The U.S. Army uses robots that are structurally rigid, making them impractical when performing military operations in highly congested and contested urban environments, where covert maneuvering is

First fully 3-D printed active materials for robots breaks through current flexibility and motion limitations

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