Doubling the sugar production of plants improves the production of renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials

EPFL chemists have developed a method that can significantly increase the yield of sugars from plants, improving the production of renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials. Producing fuels and chemicals from biomass (wood, grasses, etc.) is one of the most promising solutions for building a renewable economy. The process involves breaking down, or “deconstructing”, plants to

Doubling the sugar production of plants improves the production of renewable fuels, chemicals, and materials

Soil management may hold the secret to mitigating climate change

Food production doesn’t have to be a victim of climate change. New research from Michigan State University suggests that crop yields and the global food supply chain can be preserved by harnessing the critical, and often overlooked, partner in food supply – soil. The research, led by MSU Foundation Professor Bruno Basso and published in Agriculture and

Soil management may hold the secret to mitigating climate change

Seeing around corners via a new understanding of light

Covert sensing of objects around a corner may soon become a reality. Aristide Dogariu, a University of Central Florida Pegasus Professor of Optics and Photonics, and his colleagues published a paper in Nature Communications this month demonstrating how to passively sense an object even when direct vision is impeded. It’s a bit complicated, but the new sensing

Seeing around corners via a new understanding of light

Instead of life extension focus on health extension

Clinicians, scientists and public health professionals should proudly “declare victory” in their efforts to extend the human lifespan to its very limits, according to University of Illinois at Chicago epidemiologist S. Jay Olshansky. In an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, Olshansky writes that the focus should shift to compressing the “red zone”

Instead of life extension focus on health extension

Big breakthrough in schizophrenia research

In one of the biggest breakthroughs in schizophrenia research in recent times, Professor Cynthia Shannon Weickert at Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA) has identified immune cells in greater amounts in the brains of some people with schizophrenia. The study published today in Molecular Psychiatry has the potential to transform global schizophrenia research and open new avenues for developing

Big breakthrough in schizophrenia research

Findings could make a major contribution to protecting the endangered ozone layer

Scientists from Mainz and Aschaffenburg developed a method to protect the ozone layer from the damaging effects of the chlorofluorocarbon Freon 11 Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and Aschaffenburg University of Applied Sciences have managed to make a breakthrough when it comes to dealing with the extremely ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon Freon 11. Their findings

Findings could make a major contribution to protecting the endangered ozone layer

Fasting or caloric restriction can have anti-aging effects on the vascular system

A molecule produced during fasting or calorie restriction has anti-aging effects on the vascular system, which could reduce the occurrence and severity of human diseases related to blood vessels, such as cardiovascular disease, according to a study led by Georgia State University. “As people become older, they are more susceptible to disease, like cancer, cardiovascular

Fasting or caloric restriction can have anti-aging effects on the vascular system

A vaccine for gonorrhea and maybe even a new antibiotic

Researchers have identified a protein that powers the virulence of the bacteria that causes gonorrhea, opening the possibility of a new target for antibiotics and, even better, a vaccine. The findings, published today in PLOS Pathogens, are especially important since the microbe, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is considered a “superbug” because of its resistance to all classes of antibiotics

A vaccine for gonorrhea and maybe even a new antibiotic

Can some teeth be brought back from the dead using stem cells from baby teeth?

A successful Phase 1 clinical trial in China, co-led by School of Dental Medicine researcher Songtao Shi, paves the way for more widespread investigation into the utility of dental stem cells. Sometimes kids trip and fall, and their teeth take the hit. Nearly half of children suffer some injury to a tooth during childhood. When

Can some teeth be brought back from the dead using stem cells from baby teeth?

A new generation of pain medications that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation

Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Zuse Institute Berlin have developed a new generation of pain medications. The researchers used computer simulations to develop new opioids that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation. These drugs can prevent the occurrence of brain- and gut-related side effects typically associated with conventional opioids and have been

A new generation of pain medications that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation

Programmable hydrogels open many new avenues in bioinspired robotics and tissue engineering

Living organisms expand and contract soft tissues to achieve complex, 3D movements and functions, but replicating those movements with man-made materials has proven challenging. A University of Texas at Arlington researcher recently published groundbreaking research in Nature Communications that shows promise in finding a solution. Kyungsuk Yum, an assistant professor in UTA’s Materials Science and Engineering Department,

Programmable hydrogels open many new avenues in bioinspired robotics and tissue engineering

Machine learning can now recognize and predict the same type of activity in a new video

Machine learning system efficiently recognizes activities by observing how objects change in only a few key frames. Given only a few frames of a video, humans can usually surmise what is happening and will happen on screen. If we see an early frame of stacked cans, a middle frame with a finger at the stack’s

Machine learning can now recognize and predict the same type of activity in a new video

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