Big breakthrough in schizophrenia research

In one of the biggest breakthroughs in schizophrenia research in recent times, Professor Cynthia Shannon Weickert at Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA) has identified immune cells in greater amounts in the brains of some people with schizophrenia. The study published today in Molecular Psychiatry has the potential to transform global schizophrenia research and open new avenues for developing

Big breakthrough in schizophrenia research

Findings could make a major contribution to protecting the endangered ozone layer

Scientists from Mainz and Aschaffenburg developed a method to protect the ozone layer from the damaging effects of the chlorofluorocarbon Freon 11 Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) and Aschaffenburg University of Applied Sciences have managed to make a breakthrough when it comes to dealing with the extremely ozone-depleting chlorofluorocarbon Freon 11. Their findings

Findings could make a major contribution to protecting the endangered ozone layer

Fasting or caloric restriction can have anti-aging effects on the vascular system

A molecule produced during fasting or calorie restriction has anti-aging effects on the vascular system, which could reduce the occurrence and severity of human diseases related to blood vessels, such as cardiovascular disease, according to a study led by Georgia State University. “As people become older, they are more susceptible to disease, like cancer, cardiovascular

Fasting or caloric restriction can have anti-aging effects on the vascular system

A vaccine for gonorrhea and maybe even a new antibiotic

Researchers have identified a protein that powers the virulence of the bacteria that causes gonorrhea, opening the possibility of a new target for antibiotics and, even better, a vaccine. The findings, published today in PLOS Pathogens, are especially important since the microbe, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, is considered a “superbug” because of its resistance to all classes of antibiotics

A vaccine for gonorrhea and maybe even a new antibiotic

Can some teeth be brought back from the dead using stem cells from baby teeth?

A successful Phase 1 clinical trial in China, co-led by School of Dental Medicine researcher Songtao Shi, paves the way for more widespread investigation into the utility of dental stem cells. Sometimes kids trip and fall, and their teeth take the hit. Nearly half of children suffer some injury to a tooth during childhood. When

Can some teeth be brought back from the dead using stem cells from baby teeth?

A new generation of pain medications that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation

Researchers from Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the Zuse Institute Berlin have developed a new generation of pain medications. The researchers used computer simulations to develop new opioids that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation. These drugs can prevent the occurrence of brain- and gut-related side effects typically associated with conventional opioids and have been

A new generation of pain medications that will only work at sites affected by injury or inflammation

Programmable hydrogels open many new avenues in bioinspired robotics and tissue engineering

Living organisms expand and contract soft tissues to achieve complex, 3D movements and functions, but replicating those movements with man-made materials has proven challenging. A University of Texas at Arlington researcher recently published groundbreaking research in Nature Communications that shows promise in finding a solution. Kyungsuk Yum, an assistant professor in UTA’s Materials Science and Engineering Department,

Programmable hydrogels open many new avenues in bioinspired robotics and tissue engineering

Machine learning can now recognize and predict the same type of activity in a new video

Machine learning system efficiently recognizes activities by observing how objects change in only a few key frames. Given only a few frames of a video, humans can usually surmise what is happening and will happen on screen. If we see an early frame of stacked cans, a middle frame with a finger at the stack’s

Machine learning can now recognize and predict the same type of activity in a new video

How to neutralize the many types of Ebola and other closely related pathogens using rare antibodies

Two new studies by scientists at Scripps Research are bringing Ebola virus’s weaknesses into the spotlight, showing for the first time exactly how human and mouse antibodies can bind to the virus and stop infection—not only for Ebola virus, but for other closely related pathogens as well. The research suggests antibodies like these could be

How to neutralize the many types of Ebola and other closely related pathogens using rare antibodies

Artificial anti-oxidant TEMPO is up to 100 times more powerful than vitamin E

Study shows TEMPO is up to 100 times more powerful than vitamin E Naturally-derived anti-oxidants have become the ‘it’ health ingredient to look for in food. But researchers from UBC Okanagan and the University of Bologna have discovered that TEMPO—a well-known artificial anti-oxidant—is up to 100 times more powerful than nature’s best and could help

Artificial anti-oxidant TEMPO is up to 100 times more powerful than vitamin E

Monitoring blood pressure deep inside body with a wearable ultrasound patch

A new wearable ultrasound patch that non-invasively monitors blood pressure in arteries deep beneath the skin could help people detect cardiovascular problems earlier on and with greater precision. In tests, the patch performed as well as some clinical methods to measure blood pressure. Applications include real-time, continuous monitoring of blood pressure changes in patients with

Monitoring blood pressure deep inside body with a wearable ultrasound patch

New artificial intelligence system uses transparent human-like reasoning to solve problems

Model from MIT Lincoln Laboratory Intelligence and Decision Technologies Group sets a new standard for understanding how a neural network makes decisions. A child is presented with a picture of various shapes and is asked to find the big red circle. To come to the answer, she goes through a few steps of reasoning: First,

New artificial intelligence system uses transparent human-like reasoning to solve problems

Faces of Discovery

AI can deliver specialty-level diagnosis in primary care setting without need for human interpretation

FDA’s first clearance of AI for autonomous detection of diabetic retinopathy A system designed by a University of Iowa ophthalmologist that uses artificial intelligence (AI) to detect diabetic retinopathy without a person interpreting the r... Read more

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