Could magnetic refrigeration using magnetic materials in magnetic fields meet global cooling needs?

As a result of climate change, population growth, and rising expectations regarding quality of life, energy requirements for cooling processes are growing much faster worldwide than for heating. Another problem that besets today’s refrigeration systems is that most coolants cause environmental and health damage. A novel technology could provide a solution: refrigeration using magnetic materials

Could magnetic refrigeration using magnetic materials in magnetic fields meet global cooling needs?

The Dawn of Quantum Metamaterials

A new scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials A groundbreaking experiment applying metamaterials to quantum optics paves the way for new interdisciplinary area Two teams of scientists from the Technion-Israel Institute of Technology have collaborated to conduct groundbreaking research leading to the development of a new and innovative scientific field: Quantum Metamaterials. The findings are presented in

The Dawn of Quantum Metamaterials

Clearing out senescent cells from brain cells is able to diminish tau protein aggregation, neuronal death and memory loss – in mice

Zombie cells are the ones that can’t die but are equally unable to perform the functions of a normal cell. These zombie, or senescent, cells are implicated in a number of age-related diseases. And with a new letter in Nature, Mayo Clinic researchers have expanded that list. In a mouse model of brain disease, scientists report

Clearing out senescent cells from brain cells is able to diminish tau protein aggregation, neuronal death and memory loss – in mice

MXene-based antenna spray paint could enable the next generation of wearable technology

The promise of wearables, functional fabrics, the Internet of Things, and their “next-generation” technological cohort seems tantalizingly within reach. But researchers in the field will tell you a prime reason for their delayed “arrival” is the problem of seamlessly integrating connection technology — namely, antennas — with shape-shifting and flexible “things.” But a breakthrough by

MXene-based antenna spray paint could enable the next generation of wearable technology

Identifying a gene that helps cells resist West Nile and Zika viruses with CRISPR

UT Southwestern researchers today report the first use of CRISPR genome-wide screening to identify a gene that helps cells resist flavivirus infection. That nasty class of pathogens includes West Nile virus, dengue fever, Zika virus, and yellow fever. In a study published in Nature Microbiology, the team led by Dr. John Schoggins, Assistant Professor of Microbiology, used

Identifying a gene that helps cells resist West Nile and Zika viruses with CRISPR

Using artificial neural networks to predict new stable materials

Artificial neural networks—algorithms inspired by connections in the brain—have “learned” to perform a variety of tasks, from pedestrian detection in self-driving cars, to analyzing medical images, to translating languages. Now, researchers at the University of California San Diego are training artificial neural networks to predict new stable materials. “Predicting the stability of materials is a

Using artificial neural networks to predict new stable materials

Making oil fields bury CO2 emissions could mean a lot to help moderate climate change

A new analysis looks at what it would take for oil companies to start pumping millions of tons of carbon dioxide into their wells to boost crude production – and what it would mean for the climate. in February 2018, Donald Trump signed into law new tax credits that reward oil companies for capturing carbon

Making oil fields bury CO2 emissions could mean a lot to help moderate climate change

Electronic robotic skin grows closer

Robots will be able to conduct a wide variety of tasks as well as humans if they can be given tactile sensing capabilities. A KAIST research team has reported a stretchable pressure insensitive strain sensor by using an all solution-based process. The solution-based process is easily scalable to accommodate for large areas and can be

Electronic robotic skin grows closer

Study concludes that silver nanoparticles are toxic for aquatic organisms

A research team at the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has analysed how zebrafish are affected in the long term by exposure to silver particles Silver nanoparticles are increasingly being used in consumer products, such as clothing and personal care products, in the medical and pharmaceutical industry, and in the food industry. That is why

Study concludes that silver nanoparticles are toxic for aquatic organisms

Growing use of electrical brain stimulation for creativity raises big questions

What is creativity, and can it be enhanced — safely — in a person who needs a boost of imagination? Georgetown experts debate the growing use of electrical devices that stimulate brain tissue, and conclude there is potential value in the technique. However, use of these machines also raises neuro-ethical, legal and social issues that must

Growing use of electrical brain stimulation for creativity raises big questions

A new approach to weight loss and diabetes prevention via an anti-inflammatory protein

UNC School of Medicine researchers led by Jenny Ting, PhD, and colleagues, publish a new approach to weight loss and diabetes prevention. Scientists from the UNC School of Medicine discovered that the anti-inflammatory protein NLRP12 normally helps protect mice against obesity and insulin resistance when they are fed a high-fat diet. The researchers also reported

A new approach to weight loss and diabetes prevention via an anti-inflammatory protein

A new test could screen patients at risk from lethal fungal spores – Aspergillus

Scientists at The University of Manchester have discovered a genetic mutation in humans linked to a 17-fold increase in the amount of dangerous fungal spores in the lungs. The study, published in Nature Communications could allow doctors to screen patients at risk from Aspergillus, and could easily be developed into a test. When breathed in, Aspergillus can be

A new test could screen patients at risk from lethal fungal spores – Aspergillus

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