Low-cost, active teaching techniques—particularly group work and worksheets—substantially improve learning in university science classes, according to a new study involving 3,700 University of British Columbia (UBC) biology students.
“Many university STEM classes continue to rely on conventional lectures, despite substantial research that suggests active teaching techniques like peer instruction and group discussion are more effective,” said UBC researcher Patricia Schulte, senior author of the study, published today in PLOS-One.
“But this confirms that group work significantly enhances how well students grasp and retain concepts. And strikingly, having students go through worksheets in groups—an easily implemented, low cost classroom technique—resulted in particularly strong improvements in scores.”
Increasing class time dedicated to group work just 10 per cent (five minutes in a 50-minute class) correlated with roughly a three per cent improvement in student performance. That equates to almost one letter grade, depending on the institution. Using in-class worksheets—a wide variety of structured handouts that contain a few questions or tasks related to a concept—resulted in even more significant increases in student scores.
In general, classes had to spend half or more of their time in groupwork to see significant boost in learning.
The study is the first large-scale, direct observation of classes across a curriculum that examines the impact of different active learning approaches. The researchers observed classroom practices across 31 lecture sections in the biology program at UBC, classifying classes by the degree of group work conducted in each. They administered tests to more than 3,700 students at the beginning and end of term to assess the extent of their learning, independent of regular course exams. Most students were in first and second year.
Most of the previous work on active learning is based on instructor self-reports, qualitative surveys, or indirect observations of active learning, rather than direct assessments of teaching practices and independent assessments of learning.
The Latest on: STEM
via Google News
The Latest on: STEM
- Class of 2020: Chester STEM Academyon June 23, 2020 at 10:18 pm
Aniya Wesley is valedictorian and Merveille Badou is salutatorian for the Chester STEM Academy Class of 2020. The members of the class are: Saleem Allen, Rai'zhana Allen-Holmes, Rikesha Anderson, ...
- R3 International Offering Stem Cell Therapy Program for Anti Aging in Mexicoon June 23, 2020 at 9:13 pm
R3 Stem Cell International announced a new program offering stem cell therapy for anti aging in Mexico. The program offers several o ...
- Recruiting for STEM jobs has changed since COVID-19on June 23, 2020 at 6:24 pm
HUNTSVILLE, Ala. – Huntsville city leaders say the STEM fields need workers, and technology companies are finding the pandemic an opportune time to engage young students. See how these companies ...
- Emerson & Spartan Controls Announce Winners of First Virtual STEM Competitionon June 23, 2020 at 5:00 pm
CALGARY, AB, June 23, 2020 /CNW/ - Emerson and Spartan Controls today announced the winners of their inaugural virtual STEM competition, which was designed to foster creativity and ingenuity in the ...
- Radiotherapy targeting cancer stem cells “awakens” them to induce tumour relapse and metastasis in oral canceron June 23, 2020 at 3:16 pm
Radiotherapy is one of the most common treatments for oral cancer. However, in the clinic, recurrence and metastasis of oral cancer occur after radiotherapy, and the underlying mechanism remains ...
- Gov. Inslee orders masks to be worn in public to help stem spread of coronaviruson June 23, 2020 at 3:15 pm
The statewide mandate requires people over the age of 5 to wear face coverings while at any indoor or outdoor space in public. The order comes as coronavirus cases again begin to rise in Washington.
- FDA Slaps Stem Cell Firm Linked to Nebraska Infectionson June 23, 2020 at 3:15 pm
The FDA has identified Las Vegas-based EUCYT Laboratories as the company whose exosome products sickened patients in Nebraska late last year, according to a recent warning letter. The agency also ...
- The mask is a must: Leon County makes face coverings mandatory to stem coronavirus spreadon June 23, 2020 at 1:57 pm
Enforcing a Leon County Commission-backed mandate that face masks be worn in public may be the toughest thing about the controversial measure unanimously approved Tuesday.
- Stem cell companies sell hope with unproven medicine for COVID-19on June 23, 2020 at 11:17 am
Stem cells have great potential for medicine, but some businesses just can't wait to cash in and are offering more dubious claims about treatments ...
- Stem cells makes the ballot + Return of the bag ban + Idaho goes on the liston June 23, 2020 at 3:55 am
A ballot initiative to authorize $5.5 billion in state spending on stem cell research has qualified for the November 2020 general election ballot. The campaign to put the initiative on the ballot ...
via Bing News