Fasting may help people lose weight, but new research suggests going without food may also boost human metabolic activity, generate antioxidants, and help reverse some effects of aging.
Scientists at the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST) and Kyoto University identified 30 previously-unreported substances whose quantity increases during fasting and indicate a variety of health benefits.
“We have been researching aging and metabolism for many years and decided to search for unknown health effects in human fasting,” said Dr. Takayuki Teruya, first author of the paper and a technician in the OIST G0 Cell Unit, led by Prof. Mitsuhiro Yanagida. “Contrary to the original expectation, it turned out that fasting induced metabolic activation rather actively.”
The study, published January 29, 2019 in Scientific Reports, presents an analysis of whole human blood, plasma, and red blood cells drawn from four fasting individuals. The researchers monitored changing levels of metabolites — substances formed during the chemical processes that grant organisms energy and allow them to grow. The results revealed 44 metabolites, including 30 that were previously unrecognized, that increased universally among subjects between 1.5- to 60-fold within just 58 hours of fasting.
In previous research, the G0 Cell Unit identified various metabolites whose quantities decline with age, including three known as leucine, isoleucine, and ophthalmic acid. In fasting individuals, these metabolites increase in level, suggesting a mechanism by which fasting could help increase longevity.
“These are very important metabolites for maintenance of muscle and antioxidant activity, respectively,” said Teruya. “This result suggests the possibility of a rejuvenating effect by fasting, which was not known until now.”
Metabolites Give Clues to Mechanism and Health Effects
The human body tends to utilize carbohydrates for quick energy — when they’re available. When starved of carbs, the body begins looting its alternate energy stores. The act of “energy substitution” leaves a trail of evidence, namely metabolites known as butyrates, carnitines, and branched-chain amino acids. These well-known markers of energy substitution have been shown to accumulate during fasting.
But fasting appears to elicit effects far beyond energy substitution. In their comprehensive analysis of human blood, the researchers noted both established fasting markers and many more. For example, they found a global increase in substances produced by the citric acid cycle, a process by which organisms release energy stored in the chemical bonds of carbohydrates, proteins and lipids. The marked increase suggests that, during fasting, the tiny powerhouses running every cell are thrown into overdrive.
Fasting also appeared to enhance the metabolism of purine and pyrimidine, chemical substances which play key roles in gene expression and protein synthesis. The finding suggests fasting may reprogram which proteins cells build at what time, thus altering their function. The change may promote homeostasis in cells, or serve to edit their gene expression in response to environmental influences.
When metabolized, purine and pyrimidine also boost the body’s production of antioxidants. Several antioxidants, such as ergothioneine and carnosine, were found to increase significantly over the 58-hour study period. Antioxidants serve to protect cells from free radicals produced during metabolism. Products of a metabolic pathway called the “pentose phosphate pathway” also stay the harmful effects of oxidation, and were similarly seen to increase during fasting, but only in plasma.
Newfound Health Benefits of Fasting?
The authors suggest that these antioxidative effects may stand as the body’s principal response to fasting, as starvation can foster a dangerously oxidative internal environment. Their exploratory study provides the first evidence of antioxidants as a fasting marker. In addition, the study introduces the novel notion that fasting might boost production of several age-related metabolites, abundant in young people, but depleted in old.
“Recent aging studies have shown that caloric restriction and fasting have a prolonging effect on lifespan in model animals…but the detailed mechanism has remained a mystery,” said Teruya. “It might be possible to verify the anti-aging effect from various viewpoints by developing exercise programs or drugs capable of causing the metabolic reaction similar to fasting.”
The findings expand on established ideas of what fasting could do for human health. The next step would be to replicate these results in a larger study, or investigate how the metabolic changes might be triggered by other means.
“People are interested in whether human beings can enjoy the effects of prevention of metabolic diseases and prolonging life span by fasting or caloric restriction, as with model animals,” said Teruya. “Understanding the metabolic changes caused by fasting is expected to give us wisdom for maintaining health.”
Learn more: Fasting Ramps Up Human Metabolism, Study Shows
The Latest on: Fasting
via Google News
The Latest on: Fasting
- Five ways fasting can help in the fight against canceron October 21, 2019 at 12:54 am
There have been many questions on the role fasting plays in the fight against cancer and during cancer treatment. Different studies suggest that fasting can help fight cancer by lowering the ...
- The Positive Link Between Intermittent Fasting And Exerciseon October 20, 2019 at 9:33 pm
Therefore, maintaining a healthy eating routine, with regular mealtimes or fasting, could also encourage motivation for exercise in overweight people,” Dr. Tajiri said. However, the doctor also warned ...
- Mystic Mantra: On feasting and fasting - Eating with awarenesson October 20, 2019 at 3:00 pm
Eat with full awareness, eat meditatively, and then you will never eat more, and you will never eat less. More is as bad as less. Too much eating is bad, just like too much fasting; these are extremes ...
- Intermittent fasting may ‘significantly’ boost exercise motivationon October 20, 2019 at 7:44 am
In addition to its other potential health benefits, intermittent fasting may cause hormone changes that boost one’s motivation to exercise. The findings were detailed in a study recently published in ...
- Intermittent Fasting Becomes Major Trend In Weight Losson October 19, 2019 at 9:09 pm
WCCO's Jeff Wagner sits down with dietitian Amy Pleimling with Allina Health to talk about intermittent fasting's pros and cons (3:44). WCCO 4 News at 10 -- Oct. 19, 2019 ...
- Intermittent Fasting’s Pros And Cons For Weight Losson October 19, 2019 at 9:08 pm
WCCO’s Jeff Wagner sits down with dietitian Amy Pleimling with Allina Health to talk about intermittent fasting’s pros and cons in the video above. You must log in to post a comment.
- 'Dopamine Fasting' Is the Newest 'Sounds Fake, but OK' Wellness Trendon October 17, 2019 at 9:57 pm
The non-stop bombardment of information and indulgences that is modern life has transformed us into needy, pleasure-addicted thrillseekers! That’s the conceit the proponents of “dopamine fasting” are ...
- Mackie: The benefits of fastingon October 16, 2019 at 4:09 pm
NEW ORLEANS — The Wall Street Journal recently reported on a story – The Fasting Cure is No Fad – which sites new research showing the profound benefits for weight control, longevity, and fighting ...
- How to lose weight with fasting: intermittent fasting can help you lose weight faston October 16, 2019 at 7:20 am
In this article, we'll try to explain the basics of how to lose weight with fasting and also touch on what fasting is in the first place, is fasting safe, what can you eat when you fast and provide ...
- What to Know About the Snake Diet, an Extreme Fasting Plan for Weight Losson October 14, 2019 at 12:18 pm
I thought I’d heard it all, but the Snake Diet is a new one on me. The diet is a twist on the current popularity of fasting, and its extreme nature is raising a lot of red flags for health ...
via Bing News