Searching through the mountains of published cancer research could be made easier for scientists, thanks to a new AI system.
As a cancer researcher, even if you knew what you were looking for, there are literally thousands of papers appearing every day
The system, called LION LBD and developed by computer scientists and cancer researchers at the University of Cambridge, has been designed to assist scientists in the search for cancer-related discoveries. It is the first literature-based discovery system aimed at supporting cancer research. The results are reported in the journal Bioinformatics.
Global cancer research attracts massive amounts of funding worldwide, and the scientific literature is now so huge that researchers are struggling to keep up with it: critical hypothesis-generating evidence is now often discovered long after it was published.
Cancer is a complex class of diseases that are not completely understood and are the second-leading cause of death worldwide. Cancer development involves changes in numerous chemical and biochemical molecules, reactions and pathways, and cancer research is being conducted across a wide variety of scientific fields, which have variability in the way that they describe similar concepts.
“As a cancer researcher, even if you knew what you were looking for, there are literally thousands of papers appearing every day,” said Professor Anna Korhonen, Co-Director of Cambridge’s Language Technology Lab who led the development of LION LBD in collaboration with Dr Masashi Narita at Cancer Research UK Cambridge Institute and Professor Ulla Stenius at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden. “LION LBD uses AI to help scientists keep up-to-date with published discoveries in their field, but could also help them make new discoveries by combining what is already known in the literature by making connections between sources that may appear to be unrelated.”
The ‘LBD’ in LION LBD stands for Literature-Based Discovery, a concept developed in the 1980s which seeks to make new discoveries by combing pieces of information from disconnected sources. The key idea behind the original version of LBD is that concepts that are never explicitly linked in the literature may be indirectly linked through intermediate concepts.
The design of the LION LBD system allows real-time search to discover indirect associations between entities in a database of tens of millions of publications while preserving the ability of users to explore each mention in its original context.
“For example, you may know that a cancer drug affects the behaviour of a certain pathway, but with LION LBD, you may find that a drug developed for a totally different disease affects the same pathway,” said Korhonen.
LION LBD is the first system developed specifically for the needs of cancer research. It has a particular focus on the molecular biology of cancer and uses state-of-the-art machine learning and natural language processing techniques, in order to detect references to the hallmarks of cancer in the text. Evaluations of the system have demonstrated its ability to identify undiscovered links and to rank relevant concepts highly among potential connections.
The system is built using open data, open source and open standards, and is available as an interactive web-based interface or a programmable API.
The researchers are currently working on extending the scope of LION-LBD to include further concepts and relations. They are also working closely with cancer researchers to help and improve the technology for end users.
The Latest on: Artificial intelligence system
via Google News
The Latest on: Artificial intelligence system
- Pentagon seeks 'ethicist' to oversee military artificial intelligenceon September 6, 2019 at 11:00 pm
“AI ethicists at the Pentagon would have to be capable of supporting the entire breadth of AI applications all the way from when is it acceptable to use artificial intelligence in a weapons system to ...
- 3 Artificial Intelligence Stocks to Buy: MSFT, UPS and PANWon September 6, 2019 at 3:54 pm
Artificial intelligence or AI is already seamlessly ... on this growing technology despite an estimated 44% jump in spending on AI systems to nearly $36 billion this year. But profiting smartly ...
- Artificial Disc Replacement Systems: Low Spending of Giants may Delay Ambitious Market Sales Estimationon September 6, 2019 at 11:52 am
Sep 06, 2019 (HTF Market Intelligence via COMTEX) -- HTF Market Intelligence released a new research report of 154 pages on title 'Artificial Disc Replacement Systems - Medical Devices Pipeline ...
- How to Build Artificial Intelligence We Can Truston September 6, 2019 at 8:45 am
Artificial intelligence has a trust problem ... Amazon’s facial recognition system works great much of the time, but when asked to compare the faces of all 535 members of Congress with 25,000 public ...
- Intermountain Using Artificial Intelligence to Support Kidney Healthon September 6, 2019 at 7:45 am
September 06, 2019 - Intermountain Healthcare will utilize artificial intelligence algorithms to improve treatment ... and end-stage renal disease. The health system’s new kidney services program and ...
- Charlotte funding news: Artificial intelligence and commerce and shopping top local investmentson September 5, 2019 at 11:03 am
Charlotte-based artificial intelligence company Stratifyd has secured $10 million ... surveys, product reviews, CRM systems and interactive chat sessions and other omnichannel sources — into immediate ...
- Artificial intelligence helps to predict hybrid nanoparticle structureson September 5, 2019 at 5:06 am
The research was funded by the AIPSE research program of the Academy of Finland (Novel Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Physical Sciences and Engineering Research). Nanometre-sized ...
- Artificial Intelligence As A Service Market Trends, Sales, Supply, Demand, Analysis & Forecast to 2028on September 4, 2019 at 10:55 pm
The global Artificial Intelligence as a Service market is comprehensively ... Infosys Limited, Intel Corporation, BAE Systems Inc, com Inc, Amazon Web Service Inc, HCL Technologies Limited. These ...
- An artificial-intelligence first: Voice-mimicking software reportedly used in a major thefton September 4, 2019 at 4:24 pm
The insurer did not know which software was used, but a number of the systems are freely offered on the Web and require little sophistication, speech data or computing power. Lyrebird, for instance, ...
via Bing News