Showing prejudice towards others does not require a high level of cognitive ability and could easily be exhibited by artificially intelligent machines, new research has suggested.
Computer science and psychology experts from Cardiff University and MIT have shown that groups of autonomous machines could demonstrate prejudice by simply identifying, copying and learning this behaviour from one another.
It may seem that prejudice is a human-specific phenomenon that requires human cognition to form an opinion of, or to stereotype, a certain person or group.
Though some types of computer algorithms have already exhibited prejudice, such as racism and sexism, based on learning from public records and other data generated by humans, this new work demonstrates the possibility of AI evolving prejudicial groups on their own.
The new findings, which have been published in the journal Scientific Reports, are based on computer simulations of how similarly prejudiced individuals, or virtual agents, can form a group and interact with each other.
In a game of give and take, each individual makes a decision as to whether they donate to somebody inside of their own group or in a different group, based on an individual’s reputation as well as their own donating strategy, which includes their levels of prejudice towards outsiders.
As the game unfolds and a supercomputer racks up thousands of simulations, each individual begins to learn new strategies by copying others either within their own group or the entire population.
Co-author of the study Professor Roger Whitaker, from Cardiff University’s Crime and Security Research Institute and the School of Computer Science and Informatics, said: “By running these simulations thousands and thousands of times over, we begin to get an understanding of how prejudice evolves and the conditions that promote or impede it.
The findings involve individuals updating their prejudice levels by preferentially copying those that gain a higher short term payoff, meaning that these decisions do not necessarily require advanced cognitive abilities.
“It is feasible that autonomous machines with the ability to identify with discrimination and copy others could in future be susceptible to prejudicial phenomena that we see in the human population,” Professor Whitaker continued.
“Many of the AI developments that we are seeing involve autonomy and self-control, meaning that the behaviour of devices is also influenced by others around them. Vehicles and the Internet of Things are two recent examples. Our study gives a theoretical insight where simulated agents periodically call upon others for some kind of resource.”
A further interesting finding from the study was that under particular conditions, which include more distinct subpopulations being present within a population, it was more difficult for prejudice to take hold.
“With a greater number of subpopulations, alliances of non-prejudicial groups can cooperate without being exploited. This also diminishes their status as a minority, reducing the susceptibility to prejudice taking hold. However, this also requires circumstances where agents have a higher disposition towards interacting outside of their group,” Professor Whitaker concluded.
The Latest on: Autonomous machines
via Google News
The Latest on: Autonomous machines
- ND to test autonomous truck system, based on military tech, to protect highway workerson October 8, 2020 at 3:41 pm
Autonomous impact protection vehicle demonstration at Grand Farm, just south of Fargo, used to announce pilot program planned for state's highways in 2021.
- Waymo and TuSimple autonomous trucking leaders on the difficulty of building a highway-safe AIon October 8, 2020 at 11:55 am
TuSimple and Waymo are in the lead in the emerging sector of autonomous trucking; TuSimple founder Xiaodi Hou and Waymo trucking head Boris Sofman had an in-depth discussion of their industry and the ...
- Autonomous Vehicle Security Needs From A Hacker’s Perspectiveon October 8, 2020 at 5:12 am
Connected cars are just as exposed to online threats as other devices. Learn professional hacker Adam Laurie's take on autonomous vehicle security.
- China Special Vehicle Autonomous Driving Industry Report, 2019-2020 - Autonomous Mining and Sanitation Vehicle Markets Take Offon October 8, 2020 at 1:54 am
The "Special Vehicle Autonomous Driving Industry Report, 2019-2020" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. Autonomous mining vehicle and autonomous sanitation vehicle markets take ...
- Pentagon funds autonomous sea barge for rotorcraft to land, refuel and rearmon October 7, 2020 at 1:19 pm
The US Department of Defense (DoD) has granted a contract to Sea Machines Robotics to develop a prototype autonomous ocean barge that would serve as a floating Forward Arming and Refueling Point (FARP ...
- The US Army wants to build an autonomous drone charging systemon October 7, 2020 at 10:08 am
The US Army is looking to build an autonomous charging system that can support hundreds of drones. It has funded a four-year research project with the ultimate aim of kitting out ground-based vehicles ...
- EasyMile: 5 Reasons Autonomous Technology is a Game Changer for Industry 4.0on October 7, 2020 at 6:28 am
Autonomous technology already used for public transport is taking over. With its ability to cross over to material handling operations, ...
- Binghamton researchers blend different AI systems for better autonomous drivingon October 5, 2020 at 2:17 pm
Autonomous vehicles require the smartest artificial intelligence to navigate busy streets without causing traffic accidents — and a new paper from Binghamton University combines two ideas to better ...
- DOD Taps Sea Machines for Autonomous Replenishment Vesselson October 5, 2020 at 1:09 pm
Boston-based Sea Machines Robotics, a developer of autonomous command and control systems for surface vessels, said it has been ...
- Inspekto touts benefits of autonomous machine visionon October 5, 2020 at 6:42 am
German firm Inspekto says it has overcome several inspection challenges for injection molders with its new autonomous machine vision system. The Inspekto S70 system is a new approach to quality ...
via Bing News