Novel water-absorbing gel invented by NUS researchers harnesses air moisture for practical applications
High humidity causes discomfort and makes hot days feel more unbearable. A team of researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) has invented a novel gel-like material that not only effectively dehumidifies ambient air to improve thermal comfort, but it also harnesses the moisture in the air for a wide range of practical applications, such as functioning as a sun or privacy screen, conductive ink and even a battery. And all these interesting properties are inherent in the material after water absorption, without a need for external power.
The unique hydrogel is a form of zinc oxide – a compound found in sunscreen – in a gel-like state. It can absorb water from the surrounding environment more than 2.5 times its weight and performs at least eight times better than commercial drying agents. It is suitable for both indoor and outdoor applications, and is also cheap and easy to produce.
“Singapore, like many tropical countries, experience high levels of relative humidity between 70 to 80 per cent. In a humid environment, the air is saturated with water and as a result, sweat on our body evaporates more slowly. This causes us to feel hotter than the actual ambient temperature, leading to great discomfort. Our novel hydrogel aims to achieve a cooling effect by removing moisture from ambient air very efficiently,” said Assistant Professor Tan Swee Ching from the Department of Materials Science and Engineering at the NUS Faculty of Engineering, who led the research.
“This novel hydrogel performs at least eight times better than existing drying agents, such as silica gel and calcium chloride, in removing moisture from the air – it can absorb more water, works faster and uses less material. Unlike energy-intensive dehumidifying and air-conditioning systems, this hydrogel does not require electricity to operate. It can be easily coated onto walls, windows and even decorative items (such as a sculpture) to perform the dehumidifying function,” Asst Prof Tan added.
Enhancing thermal comfort
Hydrogels are materials which contain large amounts of water and are commonly used in contact lenses, wound dressing and personal care products. Recently, hydrogels are also used for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering and drug delivery. However, the ability of hydrogels to absorb water from surrounding air has not been well explored.
The novel hydrogel developed by the NUS Engineering team extracts water molecules from surrounding air directly, and reduces relative humidity in a confined space from 80 per cent to 60 per cent – within the thermal comfort zone – in less than seven minutes.
This material is suitable for reducing relative humidity in both indoor and outdoor environments, such as in hospital wards and classrooms without air conditioning, as well as in parks and bus stops.
Harnessing humidity for wide-ranging applications
Asst Prof Tan explained, “Moisture in the air is an abundant resource, but there are few attempts to harvest and put it to good use. When our novel hydrogel absorbs water, we observed that it displays interesting optical, electrical and electrochemical properties. This opens up a wide range of useful applications.”
After taking in water from the environment, the novel hydrogel becomes opaque and reduces infrared transmission by about 50 per cent. This translates into a reduction in ambient temperature by more than seven degrees Celsius. Hence, the hydrogel can be used as a smart window material to block off the heat from natural sunlight while doubling up as a privacy screen. When used together with air conditioners, building or home owners could enjoy savings in energy cost as the cooler ambient air will require less electricity to chill it to the desired temperature.
Another interesting application of the hydrogel is to function as a conductive ink on printed circuit boards commonly found in electronic devices. The gel-like nature of the material makes it highly attractive for flexible electronics. The hydrogel can be erased easily with common solvents such as vinegar, so that the circuit boards could be reused. This would help to cut down electronic waste.
The research team also discovered that the hydrogel can generate about 1.8 volts of electricity – similar to the AA battery – which is sufficient to power devices such as a small digital clock. As such, the material may also be used as an emergency power source in situations where there is no sunlight or electricity supply.
These research findings have been published online in the scientific journal Energy & Environmental Science on 24 May 2018.
The development of the novel hydrogel is supported by NUS and the Singapore Ministry of Education. Following the promising results of using the hydrogel to significantly reduce relative humidity, the research team, with support from the NUS Industry Liaison Office, has received substantial funding from Temasek Foundation Ecosperity to test this novel application on a larger scale in both indoor and outdoor spaces.
The NUS research team has filed a patent for their invention, and the researchers will conduct more studies to further advance the application of the different properties of the novel hydrogel.
Receive an email update when we add a new HYDROGELS article.
The Latest on: Novel hydrogel
via Google News
The Latest on: Novel hydrogel
- Microtube with Built-In Pump: Rapid controlled transport of water droplets by sunlight-powered pump on December 17, 2018 at 11:18 am
Driven by natural or artificial sunlight, a novel “microtube pump” transports water droplets ... (PNIPAm), a polymer that forms a hydrogel at room temperature. Its polymer chains are knotted into a ne... […]
- Rapid controlled transport of water droplets by sunlight-powered pump on December 17, 2018 at 3:58 am
Driven by natural or artificial sunlight, a novel "microtube pump" transports ... After irradiation, the tube cools off very quickly. The hydrogel returns to its original state, ready to be ... […]
- Arch Therapeutics Receives 510(k) Clearance from the US FDA for AC5™ Topical Gel on December 17, 2018 at 3:50 am
Dec. 17, 2018 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Arch Therapeutics, Inc. (OTCQB: ARTH) (“Arch” or the “Company”), developer of novel liquid, gel and solid hemostatic and wound care devices, today announced that the 5... […]
- Booker magnificent in return, Suns beginning to gel in win over T-Wolves on December 15, 2018 at 9:45 pm
That’s a credit to the level of scorer Booker is at his age and the strides he has taken as “Point Book.” When you have a star player have a night that Booker had, a well-balanced team ... […]
- Influence Peddler: Christine Andrew Turned Rejection Into Big Business on December 14, 2018 at 1:36 pm
I created the e-book because I want to help others navigate ... Lancôme’s Génifique Hydrogel Melting Mask is incredible for at-home hydration. I love to indulge in a little self-care on ... […]
- Imploding hydrogel shrinks objects to the nanoscale on December 14, 2018 at 8:11 am
The technique, which can print 3D objects of nearly any shape by patterning a polymer scaffold with a laser and then shrinking the structure to a thousandth of its original volume, might be used to ma... […]
- Generex Biotechnology Partner Regentys Corporation Receives European Patent Approval for ECMH™ for Treatment of Ulcerative Colitis on December 14, 2018 at 7:15 am
The Company's patent secures market exclusivity for its key product. Regentys ECMH™ is a novel application of extracellular matrix technology using a hydrogel bio-scaffold to enable the body to protec... […]
- New spray gel to help ward off cancer recurrence post-surgery on December 10, 2018 at 4:00 pm
A novel biodegradable spray gel embedded with immune-boosting drugs could help prevent the recurrence of cancer after surgery -- a significant cause of treatment failure, say researchers. Despite impr... […]
- Novel nano-gel promises to help kill leftover cancer cells after surgery on December 10, 2018 at 3:54 pm
Led by a team of scientists from UCLA, the researchers developed a novel gel designed to help the body's immune system better target, and kill, cancer cells that remain after surgery. The gel is ... […]
via Bing News