New interface allows more efficient, faster technique to remotely operate robots
The traditional interface for remotely operating robots works just fine for roboticists. They use a computer screen and mouse to independently control six degrees of freedom, turning three virtual rings and adjusting arrows to get the robot into position to grab items or perform a specific task.
But for someone who isn’t an expert, the ring-and-arrow system is cumbersome and error-prone. It’s not ideal, for example, for older people trying to control assistive robots at home.
A new interface designed by Georgia Institute of Technology researchers is much simpler, more efficient and doesn’t require significant training time. The user simply points and clicks on an item, then chooses a grasp. The robot does the rest of the work.
“Instead of a series of rotations, lowering and raising arrows, adjusting the grip and guessing the correct depth of field, we’ve shortened the process to just two clicks,” said Sonia Chernova, the Catherine M. and James E. Allchin Early-Career Assistant Professor in the School of Interactive Computing who advised the research effort.
Her team tested college students on both systems, and found that the point-and-click method resulted in significantly fewer errors, allowing participants to perform tasks more quickly and reliably than using the traditional method.
“Roboticists design machines for specific tasks, then often turn them over to people who know less about how to control them,” said David Kent, the Georgia Tech Ph.D. robotics student who led the project. “Most people would have a hard time turning virtual dials if they needed a robot to grab their medicine. But pointing and clicking on the bottle? That’s much easier.”
The traditional ring-and-arrow-system is a split-screen method. The first screen shows the robot and the scene; the second is a 3-D, interactive view where the user adjusts the virtual gripper and tells the robot exactly where to go and grab. This technique makes no use of scene information, giving operators a maximum level of control and flexibility. But this freedom and the size of the workspace can become a burden and increase the number of errors.
The point-and-click format doesn’t include 3-D mapping. It only provides the camera view, resulting in a simpler interface for the user. After a person clicks on a region of an item, the robot’s perception algorithm analyzes the object’s 3-D surface geometry to determine where the gripper should be placed. It’s similar to what we do when we put our fingers in the correct locations to grab something. The computer then suggests a few grasps. The user decides, putting the robot to work.
“The robot can analyze the geometry of shapes, including making assumptions about small regions where the camera can’t see, such as the back of a bottle,” said Chernova. “Our brains do this on their own — we correctly predict that the back of a bottle cap is as round as what we can see in the front. In this work, we are leveraging the robot’s ability to do the same thing to make it possible to simply tell the robot which object you want to be picked up.”
By analyzing data and recommending where to place the gripper, the burden shifts from the user to the algorithm, which reduces mistakes. During a study, college students performed a task about two minutes faster using the new method vs. the traditional interface. The point-and-click method also resulted in approximately one mistake per task, compared to nearly four for the ring-and-arrow technique.
In addition to assistive robots in homes, the researchers see applications in search-and-rescue operations and space exploration. The interface has been released as open-source software and was presented in Vienna, Austria, March 6-9 at the 2017 Conference on Human-Robot Interaction (HRI2017).
The Latest on: Remotely control robots
- Amazon 1-day STEAM toy sale from under $4: Coding robots, 3D puzzles, moreon November 30, 2019 at 9:26 am
- Astronaut remotely navigates rover through obstacle course from ISSon November 29, 2019 at 2:30 pm
ESA project manager Kjetil Wormnes explains, ‘We are developing systems for astronauts to work hand-in-hand with robots, to achieve much more than they could on their ... the human operator to feel ...
- Creepy robot dogs have been put to work by at least one police agency. That’s raised some concerns.on November 29, 2019 at 10:01 am
The company says early customers are using the robot to “monitor construction sites, provide remote inspection at gas, oil and power installations, and in public safety.” The machine can be directed ...
- ECOVACS DEEBOT N79S Robot Vacuum For $149 – Amazon Black Friday 2019 Dealson November 28, 2019 at 5:36 pm
Usually that feature is only available on more expensive robot vacuums, as this price range is typically only physical remote controls. On top of that, the DEEBOT N79S also works with Alexa. Allowing ...
- Students in Japan will be able to send a robot to school in their place when they're sickon November 27, 2019 at 7:00 am
School administrators had previously allowed remote study with stationary camera feed, but the ability to directly control the view and make the robot gesture has greatly improved the results ...
via Google News and Bing News