A new app from Fraunhofer development engineers looks directly inside objects and displays specific constituents. It has numerous uses: For instance, apples can be scanned for pesticide residues. Applications will be added successively following the Wikipedia principle.
- New smartphone app looks inside objects.
- “HawkSpex® mobile” displays constituents.
- Hardware accessories are not required for cameras.
An apple is labeled “organic” but the customer doesn’t know if it really hasn’t been sprayed or, if the seller’s description is to be believed, if a car has never been in an accident. Unverifiable information has to be accepted in many situations. The “HawkSpex® mobile” app from the Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF in Magdeburg will enable consumers to verify such information in the future. The principle: Take out your smartphone, open the app, aim it at the object being scanned – such as an apple – and get the desired information, for instance, whether an apple contains pesticide residues.
Although systems that perform such scans already exist, users usually have to clamp additional parts such as a prism onto the front of the integrated camera. This is costly and impractical and additionally interferes with a smartphone’s design. “What makes our app special is that users don’t need anything for a scan other than the camera already integrated in their smartphones,” says Prof. Udo Seiffert, Expert Group Manager at the Fraunhofer IFF.
No hyperspectral camera required
How did the development engineers working with project manager Dr. Andreas Herzog manage to get by without a prism? Such scans usually require a special hyperspectral camera: It adjusts to different colored light each time and ascertains how much of a color’s light is reflected by an object, thus generating a complete spectral fingerprint of the object. The development engineers use a mathematical model to extract just about any information on an object, e.g. its constituents, from its spectral fingerprint. “Since hyperspectral cameras aren’t integrated in smartphones, we simply reversed this principle,” explains Seiffert. “The camera gives us a broadband three-channel sensor, that is, one that scans every wavelength and illuminates an object with different colored light.” This means that, instead of the camera measuring luminous intensity in different colors, the display successively illuminates the object with a series of different colors for fractions of a second. Thus, if the display casts only red light on the object, the object can only reflect red light – and the camera can only measure red light. Intelligent analysis algorithms enable the app to compensate a smartphone’s limited computing performance as well as the limited performance of the camera and display.
The first laboratory version of the app is finished. The engineers are developing a variety of initial applications before it can be released to private users, though. The system first has to be taught with reference scans how to analyze whether apples contain pesticides. Seiffert is hoping that the “HawkSpex® mobile” app might be launched on the market around the end of 2017.
Reference scans are not always needed, though. Some problems only require measuring different distributions of substances or materials rather than specifying individual constituents. Purchasing a car is one example: In this case, the app compares paint to determine whether it is exactly the same color everywhere or has been touched up.
Users will add applications – much like Wikipedia
“There are so many conceivable uses that the market will surely overrun us,” says Seiffert with certainty. That is why the development engineers are relying on an approach modeled after the online encyclopedia Wikipedia. “Once the app is launched on the market by the end of this year, active users will be able to contribute to the whole big thing and create new applications, for instance, that test pesticide exposure of heads of lettuce, by teaching the system such problems,” says Seiffert. This means they would use the app to scan different types of treated and untreated heads of lettuce and send the data to the Fraunhofer IFF. The development engineers would verify the measurements and release the app to all users.
The app has extremely interesting commercial potential, too, and can be used to develop sectors that wouldn’t really benefit from high precision scanners. Examples include quality control of foods, the effectiveness of cosmetic products or even agriculture: Farmers, for instance, could easily obtain information on whether their crops are sufficiently supplied with nutrients or fertilizer is needed.
Learn more: App reveals constituents
Receive an email update when we add a new SMARTPHONE-BASED DEVICE article.
The Latest on: HawkSpex® mobile
via Google News
The Latest on: HawkSpex® mobile
- CEBIT Germany 2018 to focus on AI, robotics and augmented reality technologies being developed by leading global research instituteson May 16, 2018 at 5:00 pm
Another featured new development from the Fraunhofer stable is aimed at tomorrow’s smartphone users. The revolutionary HawkSpex Mobile app developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation ...
- Year overview February 2017on December 4, 2017 at 6:03 am
With the ‘HawkSpex mobile’ application created by Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF in Magdeburg, consumers will have the opportunity to open their app, aim the camera at ...
- New app checks fruit and vegetables for chemical residueson February 8, 2017 at 4:00 pm
Often you have to trust these statements, without the opportunity to check them. With the ‘HawkSpex mobile’ application created by Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF in ...
- HawkSpex: This app can scan any object and reveals what’s insideon February 8, 2017 at 9:18 am
Smartphones have come a long way in the last few years. With the advancement in mobile technology, they can now run the most graphic intensive games, capture DSLR level pictures, multitask with an ...
- ‘HawkSpex mobile’ app scans objects and reveals informationon February 7, 2017 at 4:30 pm
The “HawkSpex mobile” app developed by engineers from Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF in Magdeburg (Germany) gives the information about the objects by aiming the ...
- New smartphone app can ‘see’ inside objectson February 7, 2017 at 5:04 am
Using the ‘HawkSpex mobile’ app, users can take out their smartphone, aim it at the object being scanned and get the desired information, for instance, whether an apple contains pesticide residues.
- App reveals constituentson February 6, 2017 at 7:33 am
Unverifiable information has to be accepted in many situations. The "HawkSpex® mobile" app from the Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF in Magdeburg will enable consumers to ...
- CSI, Smartphone: Using just a camera, this app conducts a spectral analysison February 3, 2017 at 12:39 pm
HawkSpex is currently only a laboratory model, but Fraunhofer says that by developing different applications based on the technology, a consumer version could be heading out before the end of the year ...
- CSI, Smartphone: Using just a camera, this app conducts a spectral analysison February 2, 2017 at 4:00 pm
Fraunhofer Institute, a research company based in Germany, announced Thursday HawkSpex Mobile, an app that can conduct a spectral analysis without any accessories. Traditional spectral analysis ...
via Bing News