Simpler process and higher efficiency creates great expectations for consumer market
Waseda University researchers have developed a new method for producing hydrogen, which is fast, irreversible, and takes place at much lower temperature using less energy. This innovation is expected to contribute to the spread of fuel cell systems for automobiles and homes.
Hydrogen has normally been extracted from methane and steam using a nickel catalyst at temperatures of over 700°C. However, the high temperature creates major challenges for widespread use.
The group led by Professor Yasushi Sekine, Waseda University Faculty of Science and Engineering, developed a method which allows hydrogen extraction at temperatures as low as 150~200°C. This shift greatly reduces energy input needed to produce hydrogen fuel, extends catalyst life, reduces the cost of construction materials, and reduces complexity of heat-management (cooling) systems.
Although the research group had already seen that a fast reaction would be possible even in the range of 150~200°C by applying a weak electric fields (surface protonics), the mechanism had not been fully understood.
In this research, the group is the first to explain the mechanism by observing the catalyst during reaction. Protons move quickly through water adsorbed on the catalyst’s surface, and protons’ surface “hopping” allows reaction to proceed at low temperatures. Furthermore, the collision of the protons and the adsorbents prevents reversal of the reaction.
As momentum grows for the commercialization of hydrogen, this research is not only applicable to hydrogen production, but also to many consumer products since the same mechanism makes it possible to lower the temperature for various reactions involving hydrogen or water. The process is already being applied to research for improving energy efficiency in automobiles by creating reactions between exhaust gases and fuel at low temperature.
The Latest on: Hydrogen production
via Google News
The Latest on: Hydrogen production
- BP says it plans to cut oil, gas production by 40% in 10 yearson August 14, 2020 at 2:36 pm
The energy giant said it expects refining output to drop by 30%, which it said would cut both refinery emissions and car emissions from its gasoline.
- Nikola says open to cooperation with Hyundai Motor on hydrogen technologyon August 14, 2020 at 12:56 pm
U.S. electric commercial truck maker Nikola said it is open to collaborating with Hyundai Motor on hydrogen technology, following a media report it had reached out to the Korean automaker.
- Hydrogen Peroxide for Disinfection/Sterilization - Impact of COVID-19 on the Global Industry 2020-2027 - ResearchAndMarkets.comon August 14, 2020 at 10:15 am
The "Hydrogen Peroxide for Disinfection/Sterilization Market Forecast to 2027 - COVID-19 Impact and Global Analysis by End Use Industry" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
- Hyperion’s futuristic hydrogen-powered supercar can hit speeds as high as 220 mphon August 13, 2020 at 8:40 am
The car was designed by Hyperion’s team of aerospace engineers, a fact that’s pretty believable considering how the car looks like it could break the sound barrier. The tip of the XP-1 even has a ...
- Europe is going all-out on hydrogen energy. Why not the US?on August 13, 2020 at 3:02 am
Once upon a time, hydrogen was supposed to be the future of energy. In 1845, English scientist Sir William Grove (aka “the father of the fuel cell”) demonstrated that, given the right conditions and ...
- Home of the Oil Sands Eyes Cleaner Future as Hydrogen Superpoweron August 13, 2020 at 2:00 am
Better known for energy companies that have been blacklisted by the Church of England for their emissions-intensive crude, the oil-rich Canadian province has attracted a growing group of researchers ...
- This hydrogen-powered supercar can drive 1,000 miles on a single tankon August 12, 2020 at 8:30 pm
Hyperion, a California-based company, has unveiled a hydrogen-powered supercar the company hopes will change the way people view hydrogen fuel cell technology.
- Hyperion Introduces Hydrogen-Powered Electric Caron August 12, 2020 at 11:55 am
Hyperion says the XP-1, unveiled on Wednesday, can travel up to 1,000 miles on one tank of compressed hydrogen gas.
- The Hyperion hydrogen-powered supercar can drive 1,000 miles on a single tankon August 12, 2020 at 6:36 am
Hyperion, a California-based hydrogen fuel cell company, has unveiled a hydrogen-powered supercar the company hopes will pique interest in the fuel.
via Bing News