Nowadays it is impossible to imagine industry without robots. Safety laser scanners mostly safeguard dangerous areas and protect people from collisions. But optical sensors have their limitations, for instance when plastic surfaces, dust or smoke obstruct their line of sight. Fraunhofer researchers have developed a new, high-frequency radar scanner that cuts through these obstacles. It can monitor its environment in a 360-degree radius, making it ideal for safety applications wherever people and robots work together.
Increasing connectivity of production systems in “smart” industry 4.0 operations is driving the interaction between people and machines. The trend is moving towards industrial robots that operate without protective barriers. A prerequisite for this level of co-working is that people must not be endangered at any time – but that is precisely the Achilles’ heel of collaboration between people and robots. Currently, laser scanners are used to monitor the danger zone around machinery, and to stop the machine as soon as a person enters the zone. However, optical sensors do not always achieve reliable results under changing light conditions. They also do not work if smoke, dust or fog limits visibility.
Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Solid State Physics IAF have developed a compact modular 360-degree radar scanner that is superior to optical sensors in many respects. This makes it a perfect choice for safety applications for human-machine collaboration. The radar works with millimeter waves that are reflected by the objects to be observed, such as people (see box: Radar with 360-degree vision). Transmitted and received signals are processed and evaluated using numerical algorithms. Based on the calculations, it is possible to determine the distance, position and speed of the objects. If several radar units are used, an object’s location in the room can also be determined as can the direction in which it is moving.
“Our radar is not focused on one point. Instead, it sends out millimeter waves in a club shape. Unlike a laser scanner, the signals are reflected even when visibility is obstructed by an object,” explains IAF scientist Christian Zech. The laser scanner can reliably measure the distance and the position of a target – a person, for instance – only if the target is working in an unobstructed line of sight. However, IAF’s 360-degree radar can penetrate optically opaque material (see box), which means it can identify the employee even if there are boxes, cardboard walls or other obstacles in the way.
High-frequency board technology for cost-effective systems
Previous millimeter wave radar systems – based on waveguides – are bulky and expensive. IAF’s scanner has a diameter of only 20 centimeters and is 70 centimeters high. The high-frequency module featuring indium gallium arsenide semiconductor technology is no larger than a pack of cigarettes and is located in the base of the scanner. “These days, millimeter wave applications are dominated by waveguides that are extremely expensive to produce. Thanks to a cost-effective mounting and interconnection technology as well as specially developed circuit boards, we can replace the wave guides with our high-frequency module that has been integrated onto a board measuring just 78 x 42 x 28 millimeters,” says Zech. The high-frequency module, which is the key component of the radar scanner, was developed by IAF researchers in close collaboration with the Fraunhofer Institutes for Reliability and Microintegration IZM and for Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA.
In addition to the signal processor, the complete system comprises a transmitting and receiving antenna with a dielectric – that is, electric non-conducting – lens. A self-turning mirror affixed at a 45 degree angle deflects the millimeter waves, guides them, and evaluates the entire room. Thanks to the use of a dielectric antenna, the angle of aperture can be freely selected. That means nearby objects as small as a centimeter in size can be detected as easily as large surfes that are far away. The system‘s range of operation is dependent on the application and can be up to several hundred meters.
The scanner includes an Ethernet interface and is therefore suitable for industry 4.0 applications.
Precise distance measurement
In order to evaluate the measurement accuracy and reliability of the 360-degree radar, the researchers carried out hundreds of measurements in the lab. Maximum deviation from the mean was less than a micrometer; standard deviation was 0.3 micrometers.
The researchers will present a system demonstrator at Hannover Messe (Hall 2, Booth C16/C22) from April 25-29, 2016 and again at the SENSOR+TEST in Nuremberg (Hall 5, Booth 5-248) from May 10-12, 2016.
Learn more: Radar with 360° vision
The Latest on: Industry 4.0
via Google News
The Latest on: Industry 4.0
- How Industry 4.0 is Driving Change Within the Food and Beverage Industryon February 3, 2020 at 7:19 am
Facilities that embrace the Industrial Internet of Things, or IIoT, will remain competitive while those that don’t will be left behind. In order to fully embrace Industry 4.0, facilities have a number ...
- How Do Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc.’s (NYSE:CPS) Returns Compare To Its Industry?on February 3, 2020 at 5:46 am
Today we'll look at Cooper-Standard Holdings Inc. ( NYSE:CPS) and reflect on its potential as an investment. Specifically, we'll consider its Return On Capital Employed (ROCE), since that will give us ...
- Key trends in petchem industry in focus at Abu Dhabi forumon February 3, 2020 at 5:13 am
Colin Chapman, president of Euro Petroleum Consultants, said: “The push toward incorporating digital tools to improve efficiencies, lower costs and expand production has triggered the Oil and Gas 4.0 ...
- Tall And Thin Or Short And Fat: Are Engineers Ready For Industry 4.0?on February 3, 2020 at 2:56 am
Are you a tall and thin engineer or maybe a short and fat one? I’m not talking about body shapes, but rather what kind of engineer are you. As unflattering as these phrases appear, they’ve been used ...
- Why skillset matters in Industry 4.0on January 31, 2020 at 12:54 am
Vietnam is entering a new development decade amid global changes, with disruptive Industry 4.0 technologies widely influencing society and economic development, which requires growing demand in ...
- Global Co-working Industry & Industry 4. 0...on January 30, 2020 at 11:36 pm
Dallas, Texas, Jan. 31, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Global Co-working Industry Market: Co-working industry is majorly witnessing a huge expansion and it is also undergoing a rapid adaptation and ...
- Automation and employment: How universities must respond to Industry 4.0on January 30, 2020 at 3:30 am
Industry 4.0 is the result of the latest industrial revolution; first there was mechanisation, followed by mass production, computerisation, and now automation. It is a convergence of digital, ...
- Industry 4.0 adoption in manufacturing: Where we are and the road aheadon January 30, 2020 at 12:39 am
With revenue growth under pressure in the current economy, reducing cost has become a must win battle for every manufacturer. Industry 4.0 is not at all a buzz word now; in fact, it has become a ...
- Global Packaging Machinery Market Insights 2019-2025 - PackML Sets the Platform for Packaging Machines in Industry 4.0 Environmenton January 28, 2020 at 1:21 pm
The "Packaging Machinery - Global Strategic Business Report" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.
- Industry 4.0: Now manage your machines remotelyon January 28, 2020 at 1:03 pm
If a machine is stolen, because of the tracking features available, the litigation process to find these also become simpler. JCB uses an Industry 4.0 ready manufacturing facility to make these ...
via Bing News