Life on other planets would likely be brief and become extinct very quickly, say astrobiologists from ANU Research School of Earth Sciences.
In research aiming to understand how life might develop, the scientists realised new life would commonly die out due to runaway heating or cooling on their fledgling planets.
“The universe is probably filled with habitable planets, so many scientists think it should be teeming with aliens,” said Dr Aditya Chopra, lead author on the paper, which is published in Astrobiology.
“Early life is fragile, so we believe it rarely evolves quickly enough to survive.”
“Most early planetary environments are unstable. To produce a habitable planet, life forms need to regulate greenhouse gases such as water and carbon dioxide to keep surface temperatures stable.”
About four billion years ago Earth, Venus and Mars may have all been habitable. However, a billion years or so after formation, Venus turned into a hothouse and Mars froze into an icebox.
Early microbial life on Venus and Mars, if there was any, failed to stabilise the rapidly changing environment, said co-author Associate Professor Charley Lineweaver from the ANU Planetary Science Institute.
“Life on Earth probably played a leading role in stabilising the planet’s climate,” he said.
Dr Chopra said their theory solved a puzzle.
“The mystery of why we haven’t yet found signs of aliens may have less to do with the likelihood of the origin of life or intelligence and have more to do with the rarity of the rapid emergence of biological regulation of feedback cycles on planetary surfaces,” he said.
Wet, rocky planets, with the ingredients and energy sources required for life seem to be ubiquitous, however, as physicist Enrico Fermi pointed out in 1950, no signs of surviving extra-terrestrial life have been found.
A plausible solution to Fermi’s paradox, say the researchers, is near universal early extinction, which they have named the Gaian Bottleneck.
“One intriguing prediction of the Gaian Bottleneck model is that the vast majority of fossils in the universe will be from extinct microbial life, not from multicellular species such as dinosaurs or humanoids that take billions of years to evolve,” said Associate Professor Lineweaver.
The Latest on: Gaian Bottleneck
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The Latest on: Gaian Bottleneck
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The hypothesis proposed by Chopra and Lineweaver says that life is very common, but only on young planets. They call this the Gaian Bottleneck, and our own solar system is something of an example.
- 3 compelling reasons why we haven't found aliens yeton September 18, 2018 at 2:45 pm
Another idea proposed in 2016 is what's called the Gaian Bottleneck Hypothesis. It addresses the fact that many young rocky planets no older than one billion years have extremely unstable climates, ...
- Where Are All the Aliens? Maybe They’re Mostly Microbial (and Dead)on May 10, 2018 at 5:42 am
Before we tackle the Gaian bottleneck theory, let’s discuss the larger Gaian hypothesis. First proposed by James Lovelock, the Gaia hypothesis proposes that living organisms interact with inorganic ...
- Gaian bottleneckon May 10, 2018 at 1:39 am
A theory on why we don’t see more life (much less alien civilizations) argues that life might arise easily, but go extinct within a billion years of planetary formation.
- Query Bottlenecks in Gaian Database Networkson December 17, 2017 at 3:33 pm
In this paper, the authors present an analysis of the Gaian Database (GaianDB) topology to determine whether the overall query throughput of a GaianDB network is limited by specific bottleneck nodes.
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Proponents of this theory, called the Gaian Bottleneck, are drawing from the older Gaian World hypothesis, which suggests the presence of life changes the environment, helping maintain the conditions ...
- 'Gaian Bottleneck Theory' Explains Why We Haven't Found Any Alienson January 24, 2016 at 4:00 pm
Life may have ended before it had a chance to begin. They're calling this solution to the Fermi Paradox the Gaian Bottleneck. It's not that life has never emerged in the universe — it just never had ...
- No signs of alien life? Maybe they're all extincton January 22, 2016 at 1:46 am
This theory of near universal early extinction, which they dub the Gaian Bottleneck, could serve as a solution to the Fermi Paradox, which asks why when the universe is brimming with wet, rocky ...
- Why haven't we found aliens yet? Maybe they're all deadon January 21, 2016 at 9:15 pm
The number of stars in the universe is uncountable. The number of planets potentially even higher. Earth is just one small, pale blue dot orbiting a very average star. The probability that life is ...
- Sorry, but Earth Is a Spark of Life in a Yawning, Dead Universeon January 21, 2016 at 4:00 pm
The authors, Dr. Aditya Chopra and Dr. Charles H. Lineweaver call their model the "Gaian bottleneck" and present it as a solution to Fermi's paradox, which in turn outlines the contradiction between ...
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