Researchers have discovered a method of making jet fuel from a common fungus found in decaying leaves, soil and rotting fruit, which they believe will lead to the economically viable production of mould-based aviation biofuels in the next five years.
The researchers at Washington State University used Aspergillus carbonarius to create hydrocarbons, the chief component of petroleum, similar to those in aviation fuels.
Led by Birgitte Ahring, director and Battelle distinguished professor of the Bioproducts, Sciences and Engineering Laboratory at WSU Tri-cities, the researchers published their work in the April edition of Fungal Biology.
The fungus produced the most hydrocarbons on a diet of oatmeal but also created them by eating wheat straw or the non-edible leftovers from corn production. Fungi have been of interest for about a decade within biofuels production as the key producer of enzymes necessary for converting biomass to sugars.
Some researchers further showed that fungi could create hydrocarbons, but the research was limited to a specific fungus living within a specific tree in the rainforest, and the actual hydrocarbon concentrations were not reported.
Ahring’s group has previously been successful in using standard Aspergillus fungi to produce enzymes and other useful products, which have been patented and are under commercialization, so they decided to look into A. carbonarius and its potential for biofuels.
Fungi are complex microorganisms and are not always easy to work with, Ahring said. They have a complex biology that is often poorly understood.
“Not many people in this world actually do this,” she said. “The molecular biology piece of it is complicated.”
The researchers were assisted by Kenneth Bruno, a researcher at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, who developed a method essential for the genetic manipulation of A. carbonarius. The research received funding from the Danish Council for Strategic Research under the program for Energy and Environment.
Using fungi for hydrocarbon and biofuels production is better than other methods because they do the work themselves, bypassing multiple complicated chemical processes required by other biofuel production methods. Fungi also have great potential to create the fuel at low cost, Ahring said.
The Latest on: Fungus Biofuel
via Google News
The Latest on: Fungus Biofuel
- What every new baker should know about the yeast all around uson May 11, 2020 at 7:45 am
With people confined to their homes, there is more interest in home-baked bread than ever before. And that means a lot of people are making friends with yeast for the first time. I am a professor of ...
- What every new baker should know about the yeast all around uson May 11, 2020 at 5:08 am
Among these 24 species is one called Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which means “sugar-eating fungus ... are exploring ways to use yeast to make biofuel from waste products like cornstalks.
- Natural mosquito fungus ‘could block spread of malaria’on May 7, 2020 at 9:19 am
Malaria organisations optimistic about microbe discovery Need for further research and engagement with policymakers Some urge caution over potential ecological consequences A fungus that lives in ...
- Patagonian fungi produces “myco-diesel” from celluloseon May 6, 2020 at 4:58 am
"The fungus can even make these diesel compounds from cellulose, which would make it a better source of biofuel than anything we use at the moment." "We were very excited to discover that G.
- The many ways fungi are saving our planeton April 10, 2020 at 7:32 am
Natural waste from mushroom production can also be converted into biofuel. According to research ... and give back to the Earth sooner while the fungal properties filter out any toxic chemicals ...
- How filamentous fungi sense foodon April 9, 2020 at 6:45 am
This is of interest for bioenergy researchers looking to improve the industrial production of sustainable biofuels and bioproducts ... networks in the model fungus N. crassa, a team led by ...
- MSU offers new biofuel fungus for licensingon March 27, 2020 at 5:00 pm
A fungus that produces compounds with known uses as fuel additives is available for licensing to interested parties through Montana State University's Technology Transfer Office. The fungus ...
- How Fungi Could Help Create the Next Generation of Biofuelson September 18, 2019 at 11:36 am
22 mins Hot mic at White House Covid press briefing. "Everybody here's been vaccinated anyway." 2 hours Naturally, output will shrink and demand will meet. 6 hours Pew Poll: 90% of U.S. believes ...
- plastic eating funguson April 3, 2019 at 4:50 pm
Say hello to my wriggly friend And even more lurks below the surface Hint: It's a lot The international pet trade has helped a fungal infection spread to 501 species of amphibians.
- SAVE THE WORLDon January 12, 2019 at 3:40 am
To turn the tide on the global waste crisis, scientists and designers join forces in an ambitious collaboration using fungus to replace single-use plastic We are drowning in plastic. It floods our ...
via Bing News