When large-scale emergencies occur, it often takes far too long before victims receive the care their injuries demand.
Now a new electronic system has been designed to support helpers during the initial assessment of victims and to speed up patient care.
When a major catastrophic event occurs, every second counts. During instances such as natural disasters, terrorist attacks, accidents in chemical plants, or train crashes, many human lives depend on how well the rescue services are coordinated. The better relief forces communicate with each other, the more victims they can rescue. The swifter the initial assessment of those affected by the disaster (during which they are tagged according to the severity of their in- juries), the faster they can be evacuated and taken to suit- able nearby hospitals. At present, this initial assessment – or “triage” as the professionals call it – is carried out using colored paper tags which first responders attach to victims. The color coding (green, yellow, red, and black) indicates the severity of the injury and the treatment priority. Pulse and respiratory rate are noted on the tags by hand. This collected data summarizes the condition of the victim at the time of triage, but the manual process means frequent up- dates are seldom possible. Another drawback is that the paper tags are easily damaged during poor weather conditions.
Better first response medical care, optimized emergency management, and the more effective operation of rescue forces in response to large-scale accidents are the goals that the EU’s BRIDGE project is trying to promote (www.bridgeproject.eu). The EU is funding the project to the tune of 13 million euros, and the Fraunhofer Institute for Applied Information Technology FIT in the German city of Sankt Augustin is responsible for its overall technical coordination. With eTriage, FIT researchers are developing a system to replace the paper tags. The system will locate casualties and transmit their vital signs such as pulse, res- piratory rate, and blood oxygen to emergency response control centers in real time.
Emergency management with GPS and RFID
eTriage consists of several elements. Instead of using paper tags, first responders put color-coded armbands made of light, bendy plastic on casualties. These triage armbands are the cornerstone of the system and comprise a GPS sensor, an RFID chip, and a net- work component for communication with the data network. Unharmed people receive only an armband with GPS sensor, whereas unstable and severely injured victims have sensors attached to their bodies that transmit vital signs to the emergency response control center. The armband functions as an interface and network node. The data can be transmitted via a ZigBee – a slow but far-ranging and economical radio network – but also via WLAN or the cellular network.
“This is a big advantage, because communication is often the first thing that breaks down during a catastrophe. We use the other networks when they’re available, but when they’re not, we simply build our independent, fully functioning ZigBee network. The required infra- structure is already there in the armbands. It works automatically – there’s no extra work involved,” explains Erion Elmasllari, a scientist at FIT. Triage relays attached to first res- ponders’ belts additionally function as caches, data backup and data transmitters should the ZigBee network ever collapse.
The Latest on: First response medical care during catastrophes
via Google News
The Latest on: First response medical care during catastrophes
- Infecting the mind: Burnout in health care workers during COVID-19on May 13, 2020 at 12:40 pm
Doctors and nurses across the country are experiencing occupational burnout and fatigue from the increased stress caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. A team of researchers and medical professionals at ...
- Street Medics See Cuba As A Model For COVID-19 Response In Vulnerable Communitieson May 12, 2020 at 5:37 pm
Street medics like Dr. Armen Henderson see Cuba as model for responding to COVID-19, as U.S. government fails to provide health care to vulnerable people.
- Fresenius Medical Care North America Makes First Shipment of Acute Care Dialysis Solutions to U.S. Hospitals under FDA Emergency Use Authorizationon May 11, 2020 at 9:16 am
Fresenius Medical Care North America's Renal Therapies Group, the leading provider of kidney care products, is preparing its first shipment of multiBic dialysate solutions for use in continuous renal ...
- Obama says White House response to coronavirus has been 'absolute chaotic disaster'on May 9, 2020 at 6:35 am
Former President Barack Obama delivered a blistering critique of the Trump administration's response to the coronavirus crisis.
- The Coronavirus Will Change The Face Of Disaster Managementon April 25, 2020 at 5:00 pm
NEW YORK, NEW YORK - APRIL 25: Times Square is seen nearly empty during the coronavirus ... professionals that are ultimately first-in-line for disaster response, and it is high time that the ...
- Trump’s bizarre effort to tag Obama’s swine flu response as ‘a disaster’on April 21, 2020 at 8:03 am
“Biden/Obama were a disaster ... the nation’s response capabilities to its limits,” the report warned. “Because the health care system was not seriously stressed during the pandemic ...
- How Trump let the U.S. fall behind the curve on coronavirus threaton April 19, 2020 at 5:00 am
The first day President Trump mentioned the coronavirus in public, only one American was known to be infected. He assured the rest of the country it had no reason to worry. “We have it totally ...
- What happens when natural disasters strike during a pandemic?on April 16, 2020 at 5:00 pm
Models suggest that the country’s outbreak may soon be nearing its peak, overburdening health care ... the response to disasters is a local endeavor at its core. Volunteers, first responders ...
- Decades of Shrinking Hospital Capacity ‘Spelled Disaster’ for New York’s COVID Responseon April 15, 2020 at 11:39 am
The changes were in response ... health care for all New Yorkers is unwavering and will continue well after this crisis is abated.” In Brooklyn, a state plan to consolidate services among three ...
- Alameda County Seeking Donations To Disaster Relief Fund During Coronavirus Pandemicon April 11, 2020 at 6:24 pm
OAKLAND (CBS SF) – Alameda County on Saturday reactivated a disaster relief fund to help individuals, community-based organizations, first responders and health care workers in need of various ...
via Bing News