Was this the year open access for science reached critical mass?
One hypothesis suggests that a transformative group needs to reach one-third to be prominent and persisting.
Rogers’ theory on the diffusion of innovations that will eventually reach saturation level says the first 2.5% are innovators. By the time you get to 16% the phase of early adopters could be ending.
If that’s the trajectory that accessible scientific publications is on, one estimate suggests it went past early adopter level in 2011, when about 17% of scholarly articles were available within 12 months (12% immediately). There had been just under 8% published in open access journals in 2009.
Open access isn’t evenly spread among all disciplines though. One estimate of the growth of accessible publications indexed in the massive biomedical literature PubMed was that it grew from 27% of articles published in 2006 to 50% in 2010.
Pushing for and enabling open access began decades ago. It gained serious energy with the emergence of the open source movement and the internet. By the early 1990s publishing in physics was being re-imagined. PubMed arrived later that decade and its public access repository PubMed Central (PMC) went live in 2000. There are now thousands of open access academic repositories.
Open science is not just about access to publications, but encompasses open data, open educational resources and changes throughout the process of sharing, discussing and replicating scholarly findings. But the most basic access to those findings is the cornerstone.
Public debate, policy and infrastructure about access to publications gained momentum in 2013. By the end of the year, open access had been on the stage from the UN to the White House and The Colbert Report. Let’s do a quick month-by-month tour.
January: The year began with an awful jolt; Aaron Swartz’s suicide. Swartz had argued in his 2008 “Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto” that open access for science was “a moral imperative.” Read more about Swartz and the commitment to open access that led him to such despair in a recent post from Lawrence Lessig.
Caveat emptor applies when looking at open access publishing options. But the price drop emerging from the growth in low-priced options is an important element for diffusion. In January, an online comparison tool for cost-effectiveness of open access journal publications was released, showing that the priciest options don’t necessarily deliver authors more citations.
The Latest on: Open science
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The Latest on: Open science
- Rewarding excellence in Open Scienceon November 20, 2020 at 8:37 am
After examining dozens of impressive submissions from across the globe, a committee of judges has finalized the winning entries for The Neuro Open Science in Action Prizes. The finalists are all ...
- CZI awards $4.7 million for open source software and organizations advancing open scienceon November 19, 2020 at 11:51 am
The Chan Zuckerberg Initiative announced $3 million in funding for open source software projects representing some of the strongest computational foundations of modern biomedicine, and $1.7 million to ...
- All Saints Third Grade Open Science Morningon November 19, 2020 at 8:58 am
One of your neighbors posted in Schools. Click through to read what they have to say. (The views expressed in this post are the author’s own.) ...
- Can ‘Open Science’ speed up the search for a COVID-19 vaccine? 5 things you need to knowon November 10, 2020 at 1:35 am
In October, the head of the agency, Tedros Ghebreyesus Adhanom, alongside human rights chief Michelle Bachelet, and Audrey Azoulay, Director-General of science, culture and education agency UNESCO, ...
- When open science meets closed borderson November 9, 2020 at 1:06 pm
A: China has been fast ascending the world league table of science. According to the latest Nature Index, which is based on total publications in 82 top science journals, including Cell ...
- NSF funds K-State open science research projecton October 24, 2020 at 3:20 pm
MANHATTAN, Kan. (WIBW) - The National Science Foundation is funding an open science research project from Kansas State University computer science professor, Pascal Hitzler. Kansas State ...
- World science forum to open in Beijing next monthon October 23, 2020 at 2:09 am
China will host the second World Science and Technology Development Forum in Beijing from Nov 8 to 9 to facilitate mutual trust and cooperation and promote open, ethical and inclusive practices in ...
- Silicon Therapeutics Supports Five Researchers Through Open Science Fellows Programon October 21, 2020 at 5:16 am
Silicon Therapeutics, a privately-held, fully integrated drug design, discovery and development company focused on small molecule therapeutics, today is pleased to introduce the 2020 members of ...
- Introduction to Open Science: November 13 and 20on October 20, 2020 at 5:44 am
The purpose of the two-part webinar is to give a basic introduction to open science, especially open access publishing. We will discuss basic terminology of open science, why open science is important ...
- Developing a Toolkit for Fostering Open Science Practices: A Workshopon October 8, 2020 at 10:04 pm
Our work helps shape sound policies, inform public opinion, and advance the pursuit of science, engineering, and medicine. Throughout any given year, the National Academies convene hundreds of ...
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