Was this the year open access for science reached critical mass?
One hypothesis suggests that a transformative group needs to reach one-third to be prominent and persisting.
Rogers’ theory on the diffusion of innovations that will eventually reach saturation level says the first 2.5% are innovators. By the time you get to 16% the phase of early adopters could be ending.
If that’s the trajectory that accessible scientific publications is on, one estimate suggests it went past early adopter level in 2011, when about 17% of scholarly articles were available within 12 months (12% immediately). There had been just under 8% published in open access journals in 2009.
Open access isn’t evenly spread among all disciplines though. One estimate of the growth of accessible publications indexed in the massive biomedical literature PubMed was that it grew from 27% of articles published in 2006 to 50% in 2010.
Pushing for and enabling open access began decades ago. It gained serious energy with the emergence of the open source movement and the internet. By the early 1990s publishing in physics was being re-imagined. PubMed arrived later that decade and its public access repository PubMed Central (PMC) went live in 2000. There are now thousands of open access academic repositories.
Open science is not just about access to publications, but encompasses open data, open educational resources and changes throughout the process of sharing, discussing and replicating scholarly findings. But the most basic access to those findings is the cornerstone.
Public debate, policy and infrastructure about access to publications gained momentum in 2013. By the end of the year, open access had been on the stage from the UN to the White House and The Colbert Report. Let’s do a quick month-by-month tour.
January: The year began with an awful jolt; Aaron Swartz’s suicide. Swartz had argued in his 2008 “Guerrilla Open Access Manifesto” that open access for science was “a moral imperative.” Read more about Swartz and the commitment to open access that led him to such despair in a recent post from Lawrence Lessig.
Caveat emptor applies when looking at open access publishing options. But the price drop emerging from the growth in low-priced options is an important element for diffusion. In January, an online comparison tool for cost-effectiveness of open access journal publications was released, showing that the priciest options don’t necessarily deliver authors more citations.
The Latest on: Open science
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The Latest on: Open science
- National License Agreement Sees Elsevier Support France's Open Science Objectiveson November 28, 2019 at 12:51 am
In addition, Couperin and Elsevier will work together to contribute to the French government's open science objectives by supporting the development of Hyper Articles en Ligne (HAL) national ...
- In its 15th year, INCITE advances open science with supercomputer grants to 47 projectson November 18, 2019 at 1:34 pm
Jointly managed by the DOE's Leadership Computing Facilities at Argonne National Laboratory and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, INCITE is the primary means by which the facilities fulfill their mission ...
- All Saints Day School Open Science Morningon November 15, 2019 at 9:00 am
During Open Science Morning, these students shared their recommendations for reducing reliance on fossil fuels, while others addressed topics such as air pollution, water pollution, and litter.
- The Invisible Foundations of Biomedicineon November 14, 2019 at 9:12 am
Earlier this year, the world witnessed a major scientific breakthrough — the first image ever produced of a black hole. This fiery doughnut captured our collective imagination. As the photo circulated ...
- Open Hardware For Open Science – Interview With Charles Fracchiaon November 11, 2019 at 4:00 pm
Open Science has been a long-standing ideal for many researchers and practitioners around the world. It advocates the open sharing of scientific research, data, processes, and tools and encourages ...
- World Science Day 2019: "Open Science, Leaving No One Behind" Is 2019's Themeon November 9, 2019 at 6:11 am
World Science Day theme this year is "Open science, leaving no one behind". Open Science is a burning issue in the scientific community, which is gaining increasing attention by the non-scientific ...
- Open science in a corruption free societyon November 8, 2019 at 4:00 pm
The 2019 theme is “open science, leaving no one behind”. Open Science is not only an issue of science being open to the research community, as in “open access” and “open data” but refers to a science ...
- World Science Day: International Nuclear Information System Highlights Open Accesson November 8, 2019 at 2:33 am
In line with the theme of this year’s World Science Day for Peace and Development—“Open Science, leaving no one behind”—on 10 November, INIS plays a vital role in providing open access to information ...
- Supercharge your research: a ten-week plan for open data scienceon October 31, 2019 at 12:37 pm
Undertaken by researchers who largely lack formal training in data and open science, such analyses are often bespoke efforts that scientists must perform on their own, reinventing the wheel as they do ...
- Open science has roots in the synthetic biology community, but we can do betteron October 23, 2019 at 4:11 am
Open science practices is a way to counter the reproducibility practices. By being open and transparent, research studies can be scrutinized and revisited to correct honest oversights, while ...
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