They hope to mass produce the sensors for as little as $5 each
Crop growers, wine grape and other fruit growers, food processors and even concrete makers all benefit from water sensors for accurate, steady and numerous moisture readings. But current sensors are large, may cost thousands of dollars and often must be read manually.
Now, Cornell researchers have developed a microfluidic water sensor within a fingertip-sized silicon chip that is a hundred times more sensitive than current devices. The researchers are now completing soil tests and will soon test their design in plants, embedding their “lab on a chip” in the stems of grape vines, for example. They hope to mass produce the sensors for as little as $5 each.
In soil or when inserted into a plant stem, the chip is fitted with wires that can be hooked up to a card for wireless data transmission or is compatible with existing data-loggers. Chips may be left in place for years, though they may break in freezing temperatures. Such inexpensive and accurate sensors can be strategically spaced in plants and soil for accurate measurements in agricultural fields.
For example, sophisticated vintners use precise irrigation to put regulated water stress on grapevines to create just the right grape composition for a premium cabernet or a chardonnay wine. While growers can use the sensors to monitor water in soils for their crops, civil engineers can embed these chips in concrete to determine optimal moisture levels as the concrete cures.
“One of our goals is to try and develop something that is not only a great improvement, but also much cheaper for growers and others to use,” said Alan Lakso, professor of horticulture, who has been working on water sensing for 20 years.
The sensors make use of microfluidic technology – developed by Abraham Stroock, associate professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering – that places a tiny cavity inside the chip. The cavity is filled with water, and then the chip may be inserted in a plant stem or in the soil where it, through a nanoporous membrane, exchanges moisture with its environment and maintains an equilibrium pressure that the chip measures.
Using chips embedded in plants or spaced across soil and linked wirelessly to computers, for example, growers may “control the precise moisture of blocks of land, based on target goals,” said Vinay Pagay, who helped develop the chip as a doctoral student in Lakso’s lab.
The Latest on: Micro water sensor
- Human sweat monitoring using polymer-based fiberon November 21, 2019 at 2:20 am
A flexible PEDOT:PSS fiber sensor, which can be used to measure the concentration of salt in water, was fabricated. The PEDOT ... the human body can be measured using the changes in the electrical ...
- Sensor Module for Automotive Market Shares, Scope and Key Players Analysis 2019 to 2025on November 20, 2019 at 12:30 am
Nov 20, 2019 (Market Insight Reports via COMTEX) -- "Global Sensor Module for Automotive ... 500,000+ in-depth studies of over 5000 micro markets. MarketInsightsReports offers research studies on ...
- What are the drivers and restraints of the Smart Sensor Market?on November 15, 2019 at 4:52 am
Water Sensors (Level Sensors, pH sensors, Soil Moisture Sensors), Others (Radar Sensors, Chemical Sensors, etc.). Segmentation by Technology: CMOS-based Smart Sensors, MEMS-based Smart Sensors, Others ...
- Micro-Crack Induced Buckypaper/PI Tape Hybrid Sensors with Enhanced and Tunable Piezo-Resistive Propertieson November 15, 2019 at 2:21 am
After filtration, the buckypaper on the filtration membrane was immersed in DI water for several minutes to remove the surfactant ... of GF can be significantly improved by the formation of ...
- Why Data Center Environment Sensors Market On a verge to Create Astonishing Growth Cycle?on November 13, 2019 at 6:34 am
Furthermore, the years considered for the study are as follows: Historical year - 2013-2017 Base year - 2018 Forecast period** - 2019 to 2025 [** unless otherwise stated] **Moreover, it will also ...
via Google News and Bing News