via The Collaborative on Health & Environment
More & More Chemicals in Pesticides & Plastics Are Being Linked to Infertility, Diabetes & Other Health Problems
A growing number of chemicals in pesticides, flame retardants, and certain plastics have been linked to widespread health problems including infertility in women and men, diabetes, and impaired brain development, a set of reviews of hundreds of studies concludes.
Led by NYU Grossman School of Medicine, a team of environmental health experts analyzed research published in the past five years on endocrine disruptors, as well as American and European policies to regulate them. These chemicals are believed to interfere with the function of hormones, signaling compounds made in glands that circulate to influence processes throughout the body.
Published online July 21 in the journal The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, the new reports focused on the health concerns and regulations to control “chemicals of concern,” endocrine disruptors common in industrial and household goods. These include perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), toxins found in nonstick pans and waterproof clothing, and bisphenols, substances used in many plastics and can linings.
Exposure to certain chemicals found in industrial and household goods has been linked in new studies to obesity; to endometriosis, a painful and abnormal growth of tissue on the outside of the womb; and to polycystic ovary syndrome, a significant cause of infertility.
The recent reviews add 17 ties between certain medical conditions and endocrine disruptors to a list of 15 others already identified by a 2015 joint investigation led by the United Nations and the World Health Organization. For example, new findings suggest that PFAS, bisphenols, and certain pesticides may damage semen. In addition, the review identifies numerous new studies that link brain-related health concerns, such as IQ loss and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), to flame retardants and chemicals found in certain pesticides.
“These newer studies have strengthened the evidence linking endocrine disruptors to physical and especially neurological health issues,” says one of the reviews’ lead authors, Linda Kahn, MPH, PhD, a postdoctoral fellow in the Department of Pediatrics at NYU Langone Health.
“Our review of American and European policies argues that current regulations meant to reduce exposure to this class of chemicals are falling short,” adds Dr. Kahn. “While further research is needed to more firmly establish cause and effect, urgent action is needed now because the public is already paying the costs through serious and long-lasting health problems.”
The team’s policy review found a lack of a consistent definition of endocrine disruptors across countries. The authors are concerned that current U.S. regulations are based only on exposure to large doses of chemicals, not small, everyday doses over many years, even though recent findings demonstrate that such chemicals are cumulatively dangerous at low levels.
“Our understanding of endocrine disruptors has evolved, but the regulations in place to protect against them have not,” says the senior author of the reports, Leonardo Trasande, MD, MPP, the Jim G. Hendrick, MD, Professor at NYU Langone. “What’s needed are more rigorous tests of commercial chemicals that account for these complexities.”
Dr. Trasande, who also serves as director of the Division of Environmental Pediatrics in NYU Langone’s Department of Pediatrics, calls for stricter controls akin to nationwide efforts to reduce exposure to cancer-causing substances. He suggests that a much-needed step is establishing an international program that identifies hazards so they can be effectively regulated before use, rather than after they may have already caused harm.
Dr. Trasande says more research is needed to corroborate or disprove the health effects identified in these studies, as well as to evaluate the economic costs of exposure to these chemicals. He notes that the Environmental Protection Agency established a protocol in the late 1990s to better regulate these chemicals. However, the effort made little headway, Dr. Trasande explains, largely because of a perceived lack of conclusive studies and fierce lobbying by the chemical and manufacturing industries.
The Latest Updates from Bing News & Google News
Go deeper with Bing News on:
Hormone disruptor chemicals
- How to avoid endocrine disrupting chemicals in your lifeon September 30, 2020 at 9:07 pm
The study, which is published in the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, shows that consumers who avoided products with particular endocrine disruptors had significantly lower ...
- California becomes first state to ban toxic chemicals in cosmeticson September 30, 2020 at 8:31 pm
He says the chemicals are known to cause cancer, reproductive harm and hormone disruption. The chemicals banned are known to cause cancer, reproductive harm, and hormone disruption, Muratsuchi said.
- California legislation bans toxic chemicals in cosmeticson September 30, 2020 at 7:00 pm
The chemicals are known to cause cancer, reproductive harm and hormone disruption, he said. All the chemicals have already been banned by the European Union, but California is the first U.S. state to ...
- Consumers Who Avoid Products With Harmful Chemicals on the Label Have Lower Body Burden: Studyon September 30, 2020 at 6:38 pm
Consumers who avoided products containing specific endocrine disruptors were found to have significantly lower levels of the chemicals in their bodies, revealed a study led by Silent Spring Institute.
- California legislation bans toxic chemicals in cosmeticson September 30, 2020 at 6:34 pm
The chemicals are known to cause cancer, reproductive harm and hormone disruption, he said. All the chemicals have already been banned by the European Union, but California is the first U.S. state ...
Go deeper with Google Headlines on:
Hormone disruptor chemicals
Go deeper with Bing News on:
- Tutera Medical on the best way to reduce your source of hormone disrupting exposure chemicalson October 5, 2020 at 9:31 am
At Tutera Medical, our focus is hormone health. We specialize in using bio-identical hormone replacement therapy in order to balance estradiol and testosterone levels. In addition to optimizing your ...
- The 3 Most Important Clean Beauty Swaps You Should Make Right Nowon October 1, 2020 at 4:32 am
The clean beauty trend has moved at a fast and furious pace and it is definitely here to stay. The newest member of the clean beauty club is Hugh & Grace. Just launched, the brand is already making ...
- The dangers of essential oils: Why natural isn't always safeon September 30, 2020 at 10:36 am
This wellness trend has been going strong for years, but take it from the pros: Essential oils aren't for everyone.
- Consumers who avoid products with harmful chemicals on the label have lower body burdenon September 30, 2020 at 9:35 am
Finding healthier products without harmful chemicals—shampoo free of parabens or fragrance-free deodorant— is not always easy. It often involves scouring ingredients on individual product labels in ...
- Atrazine to be banned in Hawai‘ion September 30, 2020 at 3:08 am
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced that the endocrine-disrupting pesticide atrazine will be banned in Hawai‘i and in the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the U.S.