A new concept for an aluminium battery has twice the energy density as previous versions, is made of abundant materials, and could lead to reduced production costs and environmental impact. The idea has potential for large scale applications, including storage of solar and wind energy.
Researchers from Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, and the National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia, are behind the idea.
Using aluminium battery technology could offer several advantages, including a high theoretical energy density, and the fact that there already exists an established industry for its manufacturing and recycling. Compared with today’s lithium-ion batteries, the researchers’ new concept could result in markedly lower production costs.
“The material costs and environmental impacts that we envisage from our new concept are much lower than what we see today, making them feasible for large scale usage, such as solar cell parks, or storage of wind energy, for example,” says Patrik Johansson, Professor at the Department of Physics at Chalmers.
?“Additionally, our new battery concept has twice the energy density compared with the aluminium batteries that are ‘state of the art’ today.”
Previous designs for aluminium batteries have used the aluminium as the anode (the negative electrode) – and graphite as the cathode (the positive electrode). But graphite provides too low an energy content to create battery cells with enough performance to be useful.
But in the new concept, presented by Patrik Johansson and Chalmers, together with a research group in Ljubljana led by Robert Dominko, the graphite has been replaced by an organic, nanostructured cathode, made of the carbon-based molecule anthraquinone.
The anthraquinone cathode has been extensively developed by Jan Bitenc, previously a guest researcher at Chalmers from the group at the National Institute of Chemistry in Slovenia.
The advantage of this organic molecule in the cathode material is that it enables storage of positive charge-carriers from the electrolyte, the solution in which ions move between the electrodes, which make possible higher energy density in the battery.
“Because the new cathode material makes it possible to use a more appropriate charge-carrier, the batteries can make better usage of aluminium’s potential. Now, we are continuing the work by looking for an even better electrolyte. The current version contains chlorine – we want to get rid of that,” says Chalmers researcher Niklas Lindahl, who studies the internal mechanisms which govern energy storage.
So far, there are no commercially available aluminium batteries, and even in the research world they are relatively new. The question is if aluminium batteries could eventually replace lithium-ion batteries.
“Of course, we hope that they can. But above all, they can be complementary, ensuring that lithium-ion batteries are only used where strictly necessary. So far, aluminium batteries are only half as energy dense as lithium-ion batteries, but our long-term goal is to achieve the same energy density. There remains work to do with the electrolyte, and with developing better charging mechanisms, but aluminium is in principle a significantly better charge carrier than lithium, since it is multivalent – which means every ion ‘compensates’ for several electrons.
Furthermore, the batteries have the potential to be significantly less environmentally harmful,” says Patrik Johansson.
Learn more: A new concept for more sustainable batteries
The Latest on: Aluminum battery
via Google News
The Latest on: Aluminum battery
- Polar's Vantage V2 sports watch has an epic battery lifeon October 7, 2020 at 7:00 am
Aimed at multisport athletes, Polar's newest premium sports watch, the Polar Vantage V2, looks to combine not just advanced training metrics, but help wearers with their recovery. And, Polar added in ...
- American Manganese announces further advance at its pilot project, with 92% extraction of lithium-ion battery materialon October 6, 2020 at 9:20 pm
American Manganese Inc (CVE:AMY) (OTCMKT:AMYZF) has reported a further positive development for its battery recycling pilot project, saying the plant had now achieved 92% extraction of lithium, nickel ...
- Exactly How Google Pixel 5’s Aluminum Design Works With Wireless Chargingon October 2, 2020 at 8:38 am
The newly-revealed Google Pixel 5 has an aluminum back. So, how on earth is compatible with wireless charging? Here’s the answer.
- Pixel 5 uses an aluminium rear but still supports wireless charging – see whyon October 1, 2020 at 6:47 am
Google Pixel 5 uses an aluminium rear but still supports wireless charging. The company achives this through the use of "bioresin" and a hole on the rear.
- Google reveals how the Pixel 5 comes with wireless charging despite aluminum backon October 1, 2020 at 12:16 am
The Pixel 5 features wireless charging along with reverse wireless charging despite coming with a metallic back. Google has now revealed how it managed to do this on the Pixel 5 using bio-resin.
- Here’s how Google put wireless charging in the aluminum Pixel 5on September 30, 2020 at 1:56 pm
The Pixel 5 is Google’s flagship smartphone this year, bringing improvements over the 4a like more RAM, a high refresh rate display, wireless charging, and an aluminum build. It’s the phone many of us ...
- Global Battery Grade Cobalt Tetroxide Market to Witness a Pronounce Growth During 2025on September 29, 2020 at 1:16 am
LP INFORMATION recently released a research report on the Battery Grade Cobalt Tetroxide market analysis and elaborate the industry coverage current market competitive status and market outlook and ...
- Sunrise Battery Materials Project Reaches Key Development Milestoneon September 27, 2020 at 10:39 pm
Chairman, Robert Friedland, and CEO, Sam Riggall, Holdings Limited (‘Clean TeQ’ or ‘Company’) (ASX/TSX:CLQ; OTCQX:CTEQF) are pleased to announce the achievement of a key milestone in the Sunrise ...
- Indian Oil to launch cost-effective aluminium-air batteries for EVson September 27, 2020 at 10:32 pm
IOC bought a minority stake in Israel-based startup Phinergy that specialises in aluminium-air and zinc-air battery systems in February. SSV Ramakumar, Director (R&D) at IOC told Financial Express ...
- Electric 2021 VW ID.4 includes steel chassis, removable aluminum underbody panelon September 25, 2020 at 10:00 am
Volkswagen on Wednesday unveiled an all-electric 2021 ID.4 SUV that could run as cheap as a higher-end Tiguan and will include three years of ...
via Bing News