Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology “MISIS” together with their colleagues from Derzhavin Tambov State University and Saratov Chernyshevsky State University have figured out that graphene is capable of purifying water, making it drinkable, without further chlorination.
“Capturing” bacterial cells, it forms flakes that can be easily extracted from the water. Graphene separated by ultrasound can be reused. The article on the research is published in Materials Science & Engineering C.
Graphene and graphene oxide (a more stable version of the material in colloidal solutions) are carbon nanostructures that are extremely promising for Biomedicine. For example, it can be used for targeted drug delivery on graphene “scales” and for tumor imaging. Another interesting property of graphene and graphene oxide is the ability to destroy bacterial cells, even without the additional use of antibiotic drugs.
Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology “MISIS” together with their colleagues from Derzhavin Tambov State University and Saratov Chernyshevsky State University have conducted an experiment, injecting graphene oxide into solutions (nutrient medium and the saline) containing E.coli. Under the terms of the experiment, saline “simulated” water, and the nutrient medium simulated human body medium. The results showed that the graphene oxide along with the living and the destroyed bacteria form flakes inside the solutions. The resulting mass can be easily extracted, making water almost completely free of bacteria. If the extracted mass is then treated with ultrasound, graphene can be separated and reused.
“As working solutions, we chose a nutrient medium for the cultivation of bacteria (it is to the natural habitat of bacteria), as well as ordinary saline, which is used for injections. As a tested bacterial culture, E. coli modified with a luminescent agent was used to facilitate visualization of the experiments, was used”, Aleksandr Gusev, one of the authors, Associate Professor of NUST MISIS Department of Functional Nanosystems and High-Temperature Materials, comments.
Graphene oxide was added to the nutrient solution in different concentrations – 0.0025 g/l, 0, 025 g/l, 0.25 g/l and 2.5 g/l. As it turned out, even at a minimum concentration of graphene oxide in saline (water), the observed antibacterial effect was significantly higher than in the nutrient medium (human body). Scientists believe that this indicates not a mechanical, but a biochemical nature of the mechanism of action, that is, since there are far fewer nutrients in the saline solution, the bacteria moved more actively and was “captured” by the scales of graphene oxide more often.
According to the fluorescent test data, confirmed by laser confocal microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, at 2.5 g/l concentration of graphene oxide, the number of bacteria decreased several times compared to the control group and became close to zero.
While it is not yet known exactly how the further destruction of bacteria occurs, researchers believe that graphene oxide provokes the formation of free radicals that are harmful to bacteria.
According to scientists, if such a purification system is used for water, it will be possible to avoid additional chlorination. There are other advantages: decontamination with graphene oxide has a low cost, in addition, this technology is easy to scale to the format of large urban wastewater treatment plants.
Learn more: How to purify water with graphene
The Latest on: Graphene water purification
via Google News
The Latest on: Graphene water purification
- Scientists develop tech to filter Covid particles from airon October 6, 2020 at 11:50 pm
Technology that destroys organic particles such as viruses and bacteria at micron and sub-micron level being commercialized for use in air filters.
- Fighting Climate Change … with Grapheneon October 6, 2020 at 4:21 am
The fight against climate change has been an arduous one, but one that scientists and researchers are determined to win. Pushes for clean energy and environmentally sustainable practices on an ...
- Lighter-Than-Air Graphene 3D Printing Spurs R&D Tax Credit Opportunitieson October 2, 2020 at 5:00 pm
A curated collection of industry and product deep-dives. Fried Vancraen is one of my favorite people in 3D printing. It was a pleasure working for him years ago, as well. I was therefore ...
- US, Israeli Researchers Go for Simplicity in Fighting Coronavirus (AUDIO INTERVIEW)on September 30, 2020 at 7:09 am
Arnusch tells The Media Line that existing material for water filters was converted for use in trapping airborne pathogens Researchers in Israel and the United States have found a simple way to ...
- Tirupati declares plans to list on the LSEon September 28, 2020 at 2:59 pm
Water Engineering and Infrastructure Water Week Water Treatment, Purification and Desalination Welding and Cutting Wind Energy Wire, Rope, Sling and Chain Women in Construction Working at Height ...
- Laser-induced graphene to help filter COVID-19 from airon September 25, 2020 at 11:36 am
Active air filters made with laser-induced graphene are set to be rolled ... our lab at BGU’s Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research has focused on the development of LIG, specifically in ...
- Aquaporin-like water transport in nanoporous crystalline layered carbon nitrideon September 25, 2020 at 11:18 am
See allHide authors and affiliations Designing next-generation fuel cell and filtration devices requires ... at interfaces between the stacked graphene domains (9–12). Similar performance has been ...
- Researchers Develop Graphene from Carbon Dioxideon September 24, 2020 at 5:00 pm
Indeed, graphene ... or filter materials, Ruben said. “[Our work] will offer earlier entries of carbon dioxide-containing, climate-neutral products to the consumer market--in displays, touchscreens, ...
- New Israeli-US Technology Filters COVID-19 Particles From the Airon September 24, 2020 at 11:49 am
The technology is being commercialized by LIGC Application Ltd., a company at the forefront of laser-induced graphene ... Institute for Water Research has focused on the development of LIG, ...
via Bing News