A perovskite solar module the size of an A4 sheet of paper, which is nearly six times bigger than 10×10 cm2 modules of that type reported before, has been developed by Swansea University researchers, by using simple and low-cost printing techniques.
The breakthrough shows that the technology works at a larger scale, not just in the lab, which is crucial for encouraging industry to take it up.
Each of the many individual cells forming the module is made of perovskite, a material of increasing interest to solar researchers as it can be made more easily and cheaply than silicon, the most commonly-used material for solar cells.
Perovskite solar cells have also proved to be highly efficient, with scores for power conversion efficiency (PCE) – the amount of light striking a cell that it converts into electricity – as high as 22% on small lab samples.
The team work for the SPECIFIC Innovation and Knowledge Centre led by Swansea University. They used an existing type of cell, a Carbon Perovskite Solar Cell (C-PSC), made of different layers – titania, zirconia and carbon on top – which are all printable.
Though their efficiency is lower than other perovskite cell types, C-PSCs do not degrade as quickly, having already proved over 1 year’s stable operation under illumination.
The Swansea team’s breakthrough comes from the optimisation of the printing process on glass substrates as large as an A4 sheet of paper. They ensured the patterned layers were perfectly aligned through a method called registration, well-known in the printing industry.
The entire fabrication process was carried out in air, at ambient conditions, without requiring the costly high-vacuum processes which are needed for silicon manufacture.
The Swansea team achieved good performance for their modules:
– up to 6.3% power conversion efficiency (PCE) when assessed against the “1 sun” standard, i.e. full simulated sunlight. This is world-leading for a C-PSC device of this size.
– 11% PCE at 200 lux, roughly equivalent to light levels in an average living room
– 18% PCE at 1000 lux, equating to light levels in an average supermarket.
The high efficiency ratings under indoor lighting conditions demonstrate that this technology has potential not only for energy generation outdoors but also for powering small electronic devices – such as smartphones and sensors – indoors.
Dr Francesca De Rossi, technology transfer fellow at Swansea University’s SPECIFIC Innovation and Knowledge Centre, said:
“Our work shows that perovskite solar cells can deliver good performance even when produced on a larger scale than reported so far within the scientific community. This is vital in making it economical and appealing for industry to manufacture them.
The key to our success was the screen printing process. We optimised this to avoid defects caused by printing such large areas. Accurate registration of layers and patterning the blocking layer helped improve connections between cells, boosting overall performance.
There is more work still to do, for example on increasing the active area – the percentage of the substrate surface that is actually used for producing power. We are already working on it.
But this is an important breakthrough by our team, which can help pave the way for the next generation of solar cells”
Receive an email update when we add a new PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELL article.
The Latest on: Perovskite solar cell
via Google News
The Latest on: Perovskite solar cell
- New Breakthrough Could Slash Solar Prices To New Lows on October 6, 2018 at 8:00 am
Though silicon, the raw material for these solar cells, is abundant, processing it tends to be complex and shoots up the manufacturing costs, making the finished product expensive. Perovskite ... […]
- Want Cheap Solar Cells? Paint Your Own Perovskite Solar Cell!! on October 5, 2018 at 8:32 am
Don’t go running to your local toy store just yet to buy that paint-by-numbers DIY solar cell kit, but it — or something like it — could be on the market some day in the sparkling green future. […]
- Perovskite Solar Cells Global Market 2018 Key Players, Study Objectives, Growth,Industry Applications, Analysis And Forecast To 2023 on October 5, 2018 at 1:17 am
(MENAFN Editorial) Market Analysis Research Report On 'Global Perovskite Solar Cells Market 2018 Industry Growth, Size, Trends, Share, Opportunities And Forecast To 2023' To Their Research Database. […]
- HZB researchers are used to boost the efficiency of silicon solar cells on October 4, 2018 at 8:06 am
A frequently used approach for reducing heat losses is therefore the so-called tandem solar cell. It combines silicon with an additional material that can utilize other areas of the light spectrum tha... […]
- British Team Print A4-sized Perovskite Module on October 4, 2018 at 4:54 am
Each of the many individual cells forming the module is made of perovskite, a material of increasing interest to solar researchers as it can be made more easily and cheaply than silicon, the most comm... […]
- Supersizing perovskite solar cells on October 3, 2018 at 5:53 am
The breakthrough shows that the technology works at a larger scale, not just in the lab, which is crucial for encouraging industry to take it up. A perovskite solar module the size of an A4 sheet of p... […]
- Perovskite process boosts solar cell efficiency and lowers fabrication costs on October 2, 2018 at 3:33 am
Scientists in Japan have developed a perovskite process that lowers manufacturing costs and increases the efficiency of solar cells. Dr Zonghao Liu (left) and Prof Yabing Qi (right) with the 5cm × 5cm ... […]
- Japanese scientists develop new perovskite process on October 2, 2018 at 2:51 am
One of many research groups the world over working to unlock the commercial potential of perovskite solar cells, researchers from the Energy Materials and Surface Sciences Unit at OIST have developed ... […]
- Perovskite solar cells leap toward commercialization on September 28, 2018 at 5:36 am
Dr. Zonghao Liu (left) and Prof. Yabing Qi (right) with the 5 cm × 5 cm perovskite solar module that they developed in their lab at OIST. Credit: Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Solar ... […]
via Bing News