Most people are familiar with A, B, AB and O blood types, but there are hundreds of additional blood group “antigens” on red blood cells – substances that can trigger the body’s immune response – that differ from person to person. Each year, up to 16 deaths reported to the Federal Drug Administration are attributed to mismatches in red blood cell antigens that are not related to differences in A, B and O blood groups. Currently, no method is available that can determine all blood antigens. But as whole genome sequencing becomes routine for patients, it may be possible to modernize therapy by identifying both rare donors and at-risk recipients before blood transfusions.
In a new study, investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, as well as from the New York Blood Center have leveraged the MedSeq Project – the first randomized trial of whole genome sequencing in healthy adults – to develop and validate a computer program that can comprehensively and cost-effectively determine differences in individuals’ blood types with more than 99 percent accuracy. The team’s results are reported in The Lancet Haematology.
“Blood transfusion complications are common in patients needing chronic transfusion, but with current technology it is not cost effective to do blood typing for all antigens,” said first author William Lane, MD, PhD, director of Clinical Laboratory Informatics and assistant director of the Tissue Typing Laboratory in the BWH Department of Pathology. “But the algorithm we have developed can be applied to type everyone for all relevant blood groups at a low cost once sequencing is obtained.”
Blood transfusions are one of the most common procedures in medicine with more than 11 million units of blood transfused in the U.S. each year. Complications from blood transfusions can be life-threatening. When the body encounters foreign antigens on the donor cells, it can stimulate production of antibodies that can destroy the transfused donor cells. From birth, people have antibodies unique to their ABO blood type, but other antibodies against specific blood antigens can be stimulated during pregnancy from exposure to fetal cells or exposure to donor cells when receiving multiple blood transfusions.
“This approach has the potential to be one of the first routine clinical uses of genomics for medical care for patients needing blood transfusion,” said co-first author Connie M. Westhoff, PhD, at the New York Blood Center. “It could prevent serious or even fatal complications because once patients are sensitized they have a life-long risk of hemolytic transfusion reactions if blood transfusion is needed in an emergency.”
Today, most testing for blood donors and patients include only ABO and Rh matching, but more than 300 red blood cell antigens and 33 platelet antigens are known. To create a way to cost-effectively type many people for these antigens, Lane teamed up with scientists directing the MedSeq Project and experts in blood group genetics at the New York Blood Center to build a database and develop a computer software algorithm, known as bloodTyper, that could rapidly and accurately predict an individual’s blood group antigen profile from genomic sequences. Lane, Westhoff and colleagues validated the software by comparing it to traditional, and more labor-intensive, methods. bloodTyper was more than 99 percent accurate when typing from the MedSeq Project participants’ genomes. Lane notes that this work would not have been possible without access to samples from the MedSeq Project, and close collaboration with MedSeq’s principal investigator, Robert Green, MD, MPH, and co-investigator, Heidi Rehm, PhD.
“This report demonstrates a previously unanticipated use case and benefit that will accrue as whole genome sequencing become a routine part of medical care,” said Green, one of the senior authors on the study, director of the Genomes2People Research Program at BWH and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School. “Genome sequencing can now identify potential transfusion recipients who need rare blood types and the individuals who can safely provide them.”
The Latest on: Whole genome sequencing
via Google News
The Latest on: Whole genome sequencing
- Industry Insight: AI's Emerging Role in Disease Prevention on November 12, 2018 at 5:17 am
Typically, sensors transmit data continuously, and over time they produce more data than anything else, including images and a whole genome sequence. ET: Someday there will be a virtual medical coach; ... […]
- Salmonella found to be resistant to different classes of antibiotics on November 12, 2018 at 4:15 am
Whole-genome sequencing of the main bacteria that cause acute diarrhea is the research focus for a group at the University of São Paulo led by Juliana Pfrimer Falcão, a professor at the ... […]
- How Does Whole Genome Bisulfite Sequencing Work? on November 11, 2018 at 10:09 pm
Recent advances in sequencing techniques have allowed whole genome sequencing to become more common and quicker. Whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS) is one such next generation sequencing techniq... […]
- 164 with Salmonella in 35 States tied to ground turkey, turkey pieces, and whole turkey on November 8, 2018 at 11:33 am
Furthermore, whole genome sequencing (WGS) showed that the Salmonella strain isolated from these samples is closely related genetically to the Salmonella strain from ill people. This result provides m... […]
- Global Whole Genome and Exome Sequencing Markets to 2022 - Konica Minolta to Buy Ambry Genetics, Deal Worth Up to $1 Billion on November 8, 2018 at 9:22 am
The "Whole Genome and Exome Sequencing Markets by Research, Clinical, Direct to Consumer, AgriBio & Tumor Including Test Price and Volume Forecasts with Executive and Consultant Guides 2018 to ... […]
- DNA sequencing giant Illumina just bought rival Pac Bio for $1.2 billion — here's why on November 1, 2018 at 2:13 pm
"But as we move into whole genome sequencing, there are a few things that are hard to do with Illumina's technology." Pac Bio also develops technology that sequences DNA, but it takes a different appr... […]
- Veritas Genetics Launches Two New Whole Genome Sequencing Products on November 1, 2018 at 7:12 am
New Risk Section & option to order via third-party physician BOSTON, Nov. 1, 2018 /PRNewswire/ -- Veritas Genetics, the first to break the $1,000 Whole Genome Sequencing barrier, is once again ... […]
- Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) market detailed in new research report on October 31, 2018 at 6:45 am
By Technology, the global next generation sequencing market is further sub segmented into Whole Genome Sequencing, Targeted Re-Sequencing, Whole Exome Sequencing, RNA Sequencing, Chip Sequencing, De N... […]
- Imec tool accelerates DNA sequencing 10x on October 21, 2018 at 10:41 pm
Imec has developed a software tool to speed up human DNA sequencing analysis called elPrep which accelerates whole genome and exome processing pipelines up to an order of magnitude, saving a typical l... […]
via Bing News