DRESS Holds Promise for Alleviating Caregiver Burden, Creating Independence Among People with Cognitive Disorders
A new study published in JMIR Medical Informatics describes how a “smart home” prototype may help people with dementia dress themselves through automated assistance, enabling them to maintain independence and dignity and providing their caregivers with a much-needed respite.
People with dementia or other cognitive disorders have difficulty with everyday activities – such as bathing, dressing, eating, and cleaning – which in turn makes them increasingly dependent on caregivers. Dressing is one of the most common and stressful activities for both people with dementia and their caregivers because of the complexity of the task and lack of privacy. Research shows that adult children find it particularly challenging to help dress their parents, especially for opposite genders.
Researchers at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing, Arizona State University, and MGH Institute of Health Professions are applying “smart home” concepts to use technology to address the challenges of dressing people with dementia. Using input from caregiver focus groups, they developed an intelligent dressing system named DRESS, which integrates automated tracking and recognition with guided assistance with the goal of helping a person with dementia get dressed without a caregiver in the room.
The DRESS prototype uses a combination of sensors and image recognition to track progress during the dressing process using barcodes on clothing to identify the type, location, and orientation of a piece of clothing. A five-drawer dresser – topped with a tablet, camera, and motion sensor – is organized with one piece of clothing per drawer in an order that follows an individual’s dressing preferences. A skin conductance sensor worn as a bracelet monitors a person’s stress levels and related frustration.
The caregiver initiates the DRESS system (and then monitors progress) from an app. The person with dementia receives an audio prompt recorded in the caregiver’s voice to open the top drawer, which simultaneously lights up. The clothing in the drawers contains barcodes that are detected by the camera. If an item of clothing is put on correctly, the DRESS system prompts the person to move to the next step; if it detects an error or lack of activity, audio prompts are used for correction and encouragement. If it detects ongoing issues or an increase in stress levels, the system can alert a caregiver that help is needed.
“Our goal is to provide assistance for people with dementia to help them age in place more gracefully, while ideally giving the caregiver a break as the person dresses – with the assurance that the system will alert them when the dressing process is completed or prompt them if intervention is needed,” said Winslow Burleson, PhD, associate professor at NYU Rory Meyers College of Nursing, director of the NYU-X Lab, and the study’s lead author.
“The intent of the DRESS prototype is to integrate typical routines and humanized interactions, promote normalcy and safety, and allow for customization to guide people with dementia through the dressing process.”
In preparation for in-home studies, the study published in JMIR Medical Informatics tested the ability of the DRESS prototype to accurately detect proper dressing. Eleven healthy participants simulated common scenarios for getting dressed, ranging from normal dressing to donning a shirt inside out or backwards or partial dressing – typical issues that challenge a person with dementia and their caregivers.
The study showed that the DRESS prototype could detect clothing orientation and position as well as infer one’s current state of dressing using its combination of sensors and software. In initial phases of donning either shirts or pants, the DRESS prototype accurately detected participants’ clothing 384 of 388 times. However, the prototype was not able to consistently identify when one completed putting on an item of clothing, missing these final cues in 10 of 22 cases for shirts and 5 of 22 cases for pants.
Based on their findings, the researchers saw opportunities to improve the prototype’s reliability, including increasing the size of the barcodes, minimizing the folding of garments to prevent barcodes from being blocked, and optimal positioning of participants with respect to the DRESS prototype.
“With improvements identified by this study, the DRESS prototype has the potential to provide automated dressing support to assist people with dementia in maintaining their independence and privacy, while alleviating the burden on caregivers,” said Burleson, who is also affiliated with NYU’s Tandon School of Engineering, Steinhardt School, Courant Institute, and College of Global Public Health.
The Latest on: Smart home
via Google News
The Latest on: Smart home
- Alexa's Echo Buttons can trigger your smart home routines now on November 12, 2018 at 1:10 pm
Amazon introduced us to Echo Buttons last year amidst its annual September blitz of new Alexa gadgets. They seemed like kid-friendly novelties at best -- colorful Bluetooth buttons that sync with your ... […]
- Newegg’s Black Friday deals include discounts on PC components, TVs, and smart home products on November 12, 2018 at 12:25 pm
Newegg’s Black Friday ad is out, and it has a pretty robust selection of deals on TVs like LG’s OLED, smart home products including the Nest Thermostat and Indoor Camera, and PC gaming components like ... […]
- Disabled Iraq veteran and his family surprised with adapted smart home on November 12, 2018 at 12:21 pm
With the help of sponsor The Home Depot Foundation, "The View" surprised Iraq veteran Carlos Figueroa and his family with a new home after they lost their home in the Sonoma wildfire in 2017. […]
- Purple Heart recipient receives mortgage-free "smart home" from veterans' foundation on November 12, 2018 at 10:45 am
A wounded veteran and his wife, both retired Marines, got the gift of a lifetime on Saturday, just ahead of Veterans Day. The Tunnel to Towers Foundation gifted the couple with a brand-new "smart home ... […]
- How to Wipe Your Amazon Echo (And Other Smart Devices) on November 12, 2018 at 10:21 am
If you're looking to upgrade your smart speaker — or other smart-home device — you may want to give your older device to a friend or family member or sell it. But, before you get rid of it, it's impor... […]
- Kirby Smart reacts to Georgia scheduling home-and-home series with Clemson, Texas on November 12, 2018 at 9:51 am
Georgia made a big splash Monday morning by announcing it had agreed to future home-and-home series against Clemson and Texas within the next 12 years. During his weekly press conference Monday, Bulld... […]
- Black Friday 2018 deals at Best Buy: TVs, laptops, smart home and more on November 12, 2018 at 6:37 am
Best Buy's Black Friday deals have been revealed and there some good ones available both online and in-store. The big electronics retailer's official Black Friday sale begins in stores at 5 p.m. Thank... […]
- DIY Touchscreen Raspberry Pi smart home control panel on November 12, 2018 at 3:53 am
Using a Raspberry Pi 3 maker and developer Michael Zanetti has created an open source touchscreen smart home control panel using nymea:core and nymea:app to build a smart home system. For those not fa... […]
- Purple Heart Recipient presented with new smart home in Oak Point on November 11, 2018 at 4:19 pm
OAK POINT — Kevin Trimble, 26, spun his wheelchair around as a massive American flag floated aside, revealing his new home in commemoration of Veterans Day. A crowd easily surpassing 100 people gather... […]
via Bing News