New research has shown for the first time that a social robot can deliver a ‘helpful’ and ‘enjoyable’ motivational interview (MI) – a counselling technique designed to support behaviour change.
Many participants in the University of Plymouth study praised the ‘non-judgemental’ nature of the humanoid NAO robot as it delivered its session – with one even saying they preferred it to a human.
Led by the School of Psychology, the study also showed that the robot achieved a fundamental objective of MI as it encouraged participants, who wanted to increase their physical activity, to articulate their goals and dilemmas aloud.
MI is a technique that involves the counsellor supporting and encouraging someone to talk about their need for change, and their reasons for wanting to change.
The role of the interviewer in MI is mainly to evoke a conversation about change and commitment, and the robot was programmed with a set script designed to elicit ideas and conversation on how someone could increase their physical activity.
When finished answering each question, the participant taped the top of NAO’s head to continue, with some sessions lasting up to an hour.
Lead academic Professor Jackie Andrade explained that, because they are perceived as nonjudgmental, robots may have advantages over more humanoid avatars for delivering virtual support for behavioral change.
“We were pleasantly surprised by how easily the participants adapted to the unusual experience of discussing their lifestyle with a robot,” she said. “As we have shown for the first time that a motivational interview delivered by a social robot can elicit out-loud discussion from participants. In addition, the participants perceived the interaction as enjoyable, interesting and helpful. Participants found it especially useful to hear themselves talking about their behaviour aloud, and liked the fact that the robot didn’t interrupt, which suggests that this new intervention has a potential advantage over other technology-delivered adaptations of MI.
“Concern about being judged by a human interviewer came across strongly in praise for the non-judgemental nature of the robot, suggesting that robots may be particularly helpful for eliciting talk about sensitive issues. The next stage is to undertake a quantitative study, where we can measure whether participants felt that the intervention actually increased their activity levels.”
The full paper, entitled Experiences of a motivational interview delivered by NAO robot is now available to view in the Journal of Medical Internet Research (doi:10.2196/jmir.7737).
The Latest on: Robot counsellors
via Google News
The Latest on: Robot counsellors
- FDA Advisors Say Yes to Cardiac Contractility Device in Heart Failure on December 7, 2018 at 4:28 am
GAITHERSBURG, Md. -- An FDA advisory committee panel set aside their misgivings and voted overwhelmingly on Tuesday to recommend approval for cardiac contractility modulation (CCM) therapy with Impuls... […]
- How smart are smart drugs? on December 6, 2018 at 5:16 am
Smart pills, microdosing and even electrical brain stimulation might give us an edge in the workplace, says Emily Burt, but when does the quest for perfection tip into a destructive pressure to ... […]
- Man Killed By SMART Train Had Drugs In System: Rohnert Park DPS on December 4, 2018 at 4:14 pm
ROHNERT PARK, CA — Toxicology results indicate a 29-year-old man who was fatally struck Aug. 30 by a SMART in Rohnert Park had methamphetamine, amphetamines and cannabis in his system at the ... […]
- State seizes €530k from firm that sold smartphones to drugs gangs on December 4, 2018 at 8:41 am
Canadian-based Phantom Secure made tens of millions of dollars hacking and modifying Blackberry devices, which were then sold on to crime and drugs gangs, including the infamous Sinaloa Cartel, so the... […]
- Global Smart Pills Market by Diagnosis, Treatment, And Drug Delivery Technology, Trends and Advancements in 2018 on November 30, 2018 at 11:58 am
Global Smart Pills Market accounts for USD 1,800 million and expected to register healthy CAGR ~14.2% during the forecast period. Smart pills are small capsule-sized ingestible medical devices. Smart ... […]
- Drug-Resistant Bacteria Found on International Space Station Toilet on November 29, 2018 at 10:08 am
According to Chase Purdy of Quartz, a new study of bacteria on board the International Space Station found five strains with characteristics of drug resistance. The new study, published in the journal ... […]
- Global Smart Pills Market Analysis & Trends 2017-2027 - Rise in Incidences of Colon Cancer, Rapid Growth in Drug Development Process & Recent Technological Developments in ... on November 29, 2018 at 5:20 am
DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Global Smart Pills Market Analysis & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2027" report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering. Some of the prominent trends that the ... […]
- Smart Healthcare Products market 2018: impact of drivers, market challenges and forecast untill 2025 on November 28, 2018 at 10:44 pm
The report aims to provide an overview of global Smart Healthcare Products Market with detailed market segmentation by product, application, end user and geography. The global Smart Healthcare Product... […]
- Denver City Council approves safe injection sites for drug use on November 28, 2018 at 7:57 am
Some cities in Canada and Europe already have safe injection sites and consider them successful in preventing overdose deaths and reducing harm both to drug users and the greater public. […]
via Bing News