Aug 122017
 

via NASA

As NASA pursues innovative, cost-effective alternatives to conventional propulsion technologies to forge new paths into the solar system, researchers at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, say nuclear thermal propulsion technologies are more promising than ever, and have contracted with BWXT Nuclear Energy, Inc. of Lynchburg, Virginia, to further advance and refine those concepts.

Part of NASA’s Game Changing Development Program, the Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) project could indeed significantly change space travel, largely due to its ability to accelerate a large amount of propellant out of the back of a rocket at very high speeds, resulting in a highly efficient, high-thrust engine. In comparison, a nuclear thermal rocket has double the propulsion efficiency of the Space Shuttle main engine, one of the hardest-working standard chemical engines of the past 40 years. That capability makes nuclear thermal propulsion ideal for delivering large, automated payloads to distant worlds.

“As we push out into the solar system, nuclear propulsion may offer the only truly viable technology option to extend human reach to the surface of Mars and to worlds beyond,” said Sonny Mitchell, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion project manager at Marshall. “We’re excited to be working on technologies that could open up deep space for human exploration.”

An NTP system can cut the voyage time to Mars from six months to four and safely deliver human explorers by reducing their exposure to radiation. That also could reduce the vehicle mass, enabling deep space missions to haul more payload.

Given its experience in developing and delivering nuclear fuels for the U.S. Navy, BWXT will aid in the design and testing of a promising, low-enriched uranium-based nuclear thermal engine concept and “Cermet” — ceramic metallic — fuel element technology. During this three-year, $18.8-million contract, the company will manufacture and test prototype fuel elements and also help NASA properly address and resolve nuclear licensing and regulatory requirements. BWXT will aid NASA in refining the feasibility and affordability of developing a nuclear thermal propulsion engine, delivering the technical and programmatic data needed to determine how to implement this promising technology in years to come.

The company’s new contract is expected to run through Sept. 30, 2019.

Nuclear-powered rocket concepts are not new. The United States conducted studies and significant ground tests from 1955 to 1972 to determine the viability of such systems, but ceased testing when plans for a crewed Mars mission were deferred. Since then, nuclear thermal propulsion has been revisited several times in conceptual mission studies and technology feasibility projects. Thanks to renewed interest in exploring the Red Planet in recent decades, NASA has begun new studies of nuclear thermal propulsion, recognizing its potential value for exploration of Mars and beyond.

In late September, the Nuclear Thermal Propulsion project will determine the feasibility of using low-enriched uranium fuel. The project then will spend a year testing and refining its ability to manufacture the necessary Cermet fuel elements. Testing of full-length fuel rods will be conducted using a unique Marshall test facility.

Learn more: NASA Contracts with BWXT Nuclear Energy to Advance Nuclear Thermal Propulsion Technology

 

The Latest on: Nuclear thermal propulsion
  • NASA contracts energy firm to refine nuclear thermal propulsion concepts
    on August 22, 2017 at 1:32 am

    As the U.S. government continues to pursue plans for a crewed mission to Mars, NASA has contracted with BWXT Nuclear Energy Inc. of Lynchburg, Virginia, to advance concepts in Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP), which could drastically reduce travel times to ... […]

  • Will Thermal Nuclear Propulsion be the Way to Mars and Beyond?
    on August 16, 2017 at 2:18 pm

    From the 1950s all the way until the early 1970s, NASA was on a mission to send Mankind to Mars and, as such, was considering different forms of propulsion. The most promising was a nuclear-powered rocket. Of course, the plans to go to Mars were shelved ... […]

  • NASA Is Going To Revive Nuclear Rocket Project
    on August 13, 2017 at 8:43 pm

    NASA has contracted with BWXT NE Inc., Virginia to advance nuclear thermal propulsion technology. Because of its ability to fast-accelerate a huge amount of propellent out of the back of a heavy spacecraft, producing high thrust engine, NTP (Nuclear ... […]

  • NASA Reignites Program for Nuclear Thermal Rockets
    on August 11, 2017 at 3:54 pm

    As part of NASA’s Game Changing Development Program, the Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) project would see the creation of high-efficiency spacecraft that would be capable of using less fuel to deliver heavy payloads to distant planets, and in a ... […]

  • NASA May Use Atomic Rockets to Reach Mars
    on August 11, 2017 at 11:58 am

    As NASA sets its sights on more distant goals like Mars, there’s renewed interest in a Nuclear Thermal Propulsion (NTP) system. NASA has partnered with BWXT Nuclear Energy to develop one. NASA began researching atomic rocket engines in the early 1950s ... […]

  • NASA’s New Contract Could Change the Way We Approach Space Travel
    on August 11, 2017 at 10:54 am

    NASA has signed an $18.8 million deal with BWXT Nuclear Energy, Inc. to develop nuclear thermal propulsion systems to help future space missions reach deeper into space than ever before. These propulsion systesm could cut the time needed to get to Mars by ... […]

  • NASA to revive Atomic Rocket program
    on August 10, 2017 at 1:46 pm

    As NASA pursues innovative, cost-effective alternatives to conventional propulsion technologies to forge new paths into the solar system, researchers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama, say nuclear thermal propulsion technologies ... […]

  • BWXT wins NASA contract to design nuclear thermal propulsion reactor
    on August 10, 2017 at 6:00 am

    The US National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) announced on 2 August that it had awarded BWXT Nuclear Energy (a subsidiary of BWX Technologies) a three-year $18.8m contract to begin conceptual designs for a nuclear thermal propulsion (NTP ... […]

via Google News and Bing News

Other Interesting Posts

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: