Discovery could lead to electronics printed on real human skin
Engineering researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed a revolutionary process for 3D printing stretchable electronic sensory devices that could give robots the ability to feel their environment. The discovery is also a major step forward in printing electronics on real human skin.
The research will be published in the next issue of Advanced Materials and is currently online.
“This stretchable electronic fabric we developed has many practical uses,” said Michael McAlpine, a University of Minnesota mechanical engineering associate professor and lead researcher on the study. “Putting this type of ‘bionic skin’ on surgical robots would give surgeons the ability to actually feel during minimally invasive surgeries, which would make surgery easier instead of just using cameras like they do now. These sensors could also make it easier for other robots to walk and interact with their environment.”
McAlpine, who gained international acclaim in 2013 for integrating electronics and novel 3D-printed nanomaterials to create a “bionic ear,” says this new discovery could also be used to print electronics on real human skin. This ultimate wearable technology could eventually be used for health monitoring or by soldiers in the field to detect dangerous chemicals or explosives.
“While we haven’t printed on human skin yet, we were able to print on the curved surface of a model hand using our technique,” McAlpine said. “We also interfaced a printed device with the skin and were surprised that the device was so sensitive that it could detect your pulse in real time.”
McAlpine and his team made the unique sensing fabric with a one-of-a kind 3D printer they built in the lab. The multifunctional printer has four nozzles to print the various specialized “inks” that make up the layers of the device—a base layer of silicone, top and bottom electrodes made of a conducting ink, a coil-shaped pressure sensor, and a sacrificial layer that holds the top layer in place while it sets. The supporting sacrificial layer is later washed away in the final manufacturing process.
Surprisingly, all of the layers of “inks” used in the flexible sensors can set at room temperature. Conventional 3D printing using liquid plastic is too hot and too rigid to use on the skin. These flexible 3D printed sensors can stretch up to three times their original size.
“This is a completely new way to approach 3D printing of electronics,” McAlpine said. “We have a multifunctional printer that can print several layers to make these flexible sensory devices. This could take us into so many directions from health monitoring to energy harvesting to chemical sensing.”
Researchers say the best part of the discovery is that the manufacturing is built into the process.
“With most research, you discover something and then it needs to be scaled up. Sometimes it could be years before it ready for use,” McAlpine said. “This time, the manufacturing is built right into the process so it is ready to go now.”
The researchers say the next step is to move toward semiconductor inks and printing on a real body.
“The possibilities for the future are endless,” McAlpine said.
The Latest on: Bionic skin
- Ten most lavish phone cases for the iPhone XS on December 17, 2018 at 9:15 am
With its plus-sized features showcasing the new bezel-less form that encased a super-powerful A12 Bionic chip, the mobile device once ... but who else is going to have an olive green stingray fish-ski... […]
- Faith Schreiner: The Bionic Woman on December 15, 2018 at 8:00 am
See video demonstrations of how the hand works by scrolling through the photos above Now, a little more than a year after learning about a potentially life-changing device, she finally has her bionic ... […]
- Honors Engineering Alumnus Luke Osborn Selected for Forbes '30 Under 30' in Science on December 13, 2018 at 10:27 pm
When a sharply pointed object appears, the bionic hand taps it and recoils ... where he has developed an electronic skin that, when applied to prosthetics, allows amputees to feel pressure and pain. R... […]
- Best of 2018: Meet the bionic man creating real Cyberpunk 2077-esque augmentations on December 11, 2018 at 7:11 am
Meet the bionic man creating real Cyberpunk 2077-esque augmentations ... replace their eyes with synthetic peepers, and wear cybernetic skin. In video games such as Cyberpunk 2077 and Deus Ex, these e... […]
- 15 Best Skincare Lines For Sensitive Skin on December 10, 2018 at 2:42 pm
It's specially formulated to replenish the most sensitive of skin types with ultra-skin calming ingredients like chamomile extract and azulene. NeoStrata Bionic Face Cream is a highly emollient face c... […]
via Google News and Bing News