Although 97 percent of the earth’s surface water is made up of oceans, humans use only a small percentage of the sea for food. Instead most people, especially those in Western cultures, rely heavily on land-based agriculture for food that result in deforestation, soil degradation, greenhouse gases, and depletion of freshwater supplies.
In the August issue of Food Technology magazine published by the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT), senior editor/writer Toni Tarver writes about how the oceans are an untapped resource for food that is not only more eco-friendly but, in some cases, more nutritious than land-based foods.
Fish and marine animals contain several nutritional benefits. Rich in vitamins A and D, selenium, zinc, iodine and iron, fish also contain essential omega-3 fatty acids, docosahexenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) which support proper brain functioning. In Asian and Nordic countries, where seafood is a dominant part of the cuisine, the life expectancy of both men and women is four to seven years longer than in Western cultures where seafood is consumed on average once a week. In addition rates of obesity, cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes are much lower.
Although there are between 300 and 500 different species of fish sold for human consumption, only three types make up more than 50 percent of all seafood consumed: shrimp, tuna and salmon (Seafood Health Facts 2015). Americans could benefit from expanding their seafood palate to include mackerel, mullet, sardines, oysters, mussels, clams, lionfish, and other unidentified edible species.
Another untapped resource in the sea is seaweed. Seaweeds are marine algae that come in three forms: brown algae, red algae, and green algae. All three forms of seaweed are edible, but brown algae is the most widely consumed because many consumers eat kelp, which is a type of brown seaweed. In the U.S., seaweed is almost exclusively consumed as additives in processed foods. In Asian countries, Canada, and Europe people have been eating seaweed for hundreds of years in salads, soups, stews, and seasonings or in the form of a dried snack, puree, and salt replacement.
Seaweed is rich in fiber, vitamins A, C, E, and K, iron, magnesium, niacin, omega-3 fatty acids and some seaweed strains have significant amounts of protein. In addition to its health benefits, seaweed is a sustainable food that doesn’t require the use of land and freshwater sources.
The Latest on: Ocean farming
via Google News
The Latest on: Ocean farming
- Seaweed Farming Could Help Battle Climate Changeon September 6, 2019 at 2:29 pm
The study identified around 30 million square miles of ocean where seaweed could be farmed. Researchers say the benefits of seaweed farming far outweigh the fact that it won’t completely offset the ...
- How to Feed the Planet While Protecting the Oceanon September 6, 2019 at 11:42 am
Already, the sector is worth an estimated US$243 billion globally and employs some 20 million people. But the contribution of ocean and marine farming to global food security is still relatively small ...
- Ocean House Announces Selection of New Artisans in Residenceon September 6, 2019 at 6:19 am
Guests enjoy views of the Atlantic Ocean, Montauk and Block Island from the resort's 49 guestrooms and 19 signature suites. Farm-to-table casual and fine dining, the 12,000-square-foot OH!
- Bucksport gives key approval for salmon farm to be built at former mill siteon September 6, 2019 at 5:23 am
According to the application, the finished Whole Ocean fish farm will use vast quantities of water. Estimates call for the project to draw 14.5 million gallons of water per day from the Penobscot ...
- There’s an ocean of opportunity for startups targeting the seafood industryon September 5, 2019 at 9:35 am
In addition to the fish feed problem, innovators are working on escape-proof ocean farms, resource-efficient land farms, natural remedies for healthier fish, capturing and upcycling fish farm ...
- Ramsay Conservation Farm practices continue todayon September 3, 2019 at 10:00 am
A large dust storm on May 11, 1934 swept fine soil particles over Washington, D.C. and three hundred miles out into the Atlantic Ocean ... pioneers in conservation farming in Mitchell County ...
- Rescuers practice skills near Block Island wind farmon September 1, 2019 at 4:54 pm
“It’s not really a farm,” said Richard Fuka of the Rhode Island Fishermen ... The results of the study are expected to be shared with the federal Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, the key federal ...
- Spacing of Deepwater RI Ocean Wind Turbines Ignored After Deathson August 30, 2019 at 5:59 am
Where is the investigation of what effect the spacing of the Block Island Wind Farm had on the death of ... are much larger than the Block Island ocean wind turbines. The fishing industry has ...
- Researchers suggest seaweed farming could be a versatile tool in the effort to mitigate climate changeon August 29, 2019 at 5:29 pm
Farming seaweed alone won’t balance emissions from global ... “such as potentially providing habitat for fish and other marine life, reducing ocean acidification and oxygen depletion, and taking up ...
- 'Charismatic carbon': Seaweed farming to combat climate changeon August 29, 2019 at 10:14 am
Farming seaweed alone won't balance emissions ... "such as potentially providing habitat for fish and other marine life, reducing ocean acidification and oxygen depletion, and taking up excess ...
via Bing News