Sep 102013


New method could help to reconnect injured organs or build functional human tissues from the ground up

A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self-assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt. The self-assembly method could help solve one of the major challenges in tissue engineering: regrowing human tissue by injecting tiny components into the body that then self-assemble into larger, intricately structured, biocompatible scaffolds at an injury site.

The key to self-assembly was developing the world’s first programmable glue. The glue is made of DNA, and it directs specific bricks of a water-filled gel to stick only to each other, the scientists report in the September 9th online issue of Nature Communications.

“By using DNA glue to guide gel bricks to self-assemble, we’re creating sophisticated programmable architecture,” says Peng Yin, Ph.D., a Core Faculty member at the Wyss Institute and senior coauthor of the study, who is also an Assistant Professor of Systems Biology at Harvard Medical School. This novel self-assembly method worked for gel bricks from as small as a speck of silt (30 microns diameter) to as large as a grain of sand (1 millimeter diameter), underscoring the method’s versatility.

The programmable DNA glue could also be used with other materials to create a variety of small, self-assembling devices, including lenses, reconfigurable microchips, and surgical glue that could knit together only the desired tissues, said Ali Khademhosseini, Ph.D., an Associate Faculty member at the Wyss Institute who is the other senior coauthor of the study.

“It could work for anything where you’d want a programmable glue to induce assembly of higher-order structures, with great control over their final architecture — and that’s very exciting,” said Khademhosseini, who is also an Associate Professor at Harvard-MIT’s Division of Health Sciences and Technology (HST), Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Harvard Medical School.

To fabricate devices or their component parts, manufacturers often start with a single piece of material, then modify it until it has the desired properties. In other cases, they employ the same strategy as auto manufacturers, making components with the desired properties, then assembling them to produce the final device. Living organisms fabricate their tissues using a similar strategy, in which different types of cells assemble into functional building blocks that generate the appropriate tissue function. In the liver, for example, the functional building blocks are small tissue units called lobules. In muscle tissue, the functional building blocks are muscle fibers.

Scientists have tried to mimic this manufacturing strategy by developing self-assembling systems to fabricate devices. For example, last year Yin and his team reported in Science that they had developed miniscule “DNA bricks” smaller than the tiniest virus that self-assemble into complex nanoscale 3D structures.

Now, he and Khademhosseini sought to create a similar programmable, self-assembling system for mesoscale components — those with edge widths ranging from 30 microns to 1000 microns (1 millimeter). They focused first on creating a system in which bricks of biocompatible, biodegradable gels called hydrogels self-assemble into complex structures. For future applications, small hydrogel bricks containing human cells could potentially be injected into the body. The bricks would assemble, then the cells would knit together to form functional tissue as the hydrogels break down.

In previous attempts to self-assemble hydrogel bricks into complex structures, scientists faced a challenge: the bricks often glom onto one another rather than assembling into the desired architecture. Yin and Khademhosseini needed a way to help each component stick only to specific partners, but not to other components. In other words, they needed programmable glue.

“Designing a strategy that leverages the power of self assembly used by living systems to direct construction of tissues from tiny component parts represents an entirely new approach for tissue engineering,” said Don Ingber, M.D., Ph.D., the Wyss Institute’s Founding Director. “Peng and Ali have created an elegant and straightforward method that could permit tissues to be reconstructed from within after a simple injection, rather than requiring major surgery.”

Read more . . .


The Latest on: Programmable glue
  • Tackling the Stateful/Stateless Problem for IIoT
    on October 22, 2017 at 11:23 pm

    How do I build a programmable self-service layer that’s cloud agnostic, they can go from AWS to Microsoft to on-prem seamlessly and not impact their end users? And the more they talk about what they’ve done there, that also is important. AW ... […]

  • Work related stress has met its match in these shiny Zen magnets
    on October 22, 2017 at 3:00 am

    (Can you imagine trying to clean that colorful glue-based goop off your desk ... SEE ALSO: Brighten your space with this programmable desktop greenhouse Measuring in at a teensy, weensy 2.5 millimeters each, the Ensign micromagnets are half the diameter ... […]

  • Cast a Pixelated, Glowing Centipede Costume for Halloween
    on October 20, 2017 at 12:12 am

    Anywhere from white Elmer’s glue and water to higher end commercial products ... and horns. I needed the LEDs to be programmable so that I could animate the colors changing from a red/green combo to purple/yellow color when a button is pushed. […]

  • Chipmakers find new ways to move forward
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:12 pm

    At the conference, NetSpeed--a private company that specializes in the scalable, coherent network-on-chip technology used to glue together the pieces of ... Intel's current solution is a PCI-Express card, the Programmable Acceleration Card, with an Arria ... […]

  • INQ's adventures in a Chinese robot vacuum cleaner factory
    on October 19, 2017 at 2:42 am

    Like so many things that once seemed fantastical, a programmable pal to do the cleaning is not out ... Then there are the artificial windows to test the adhesive suction of the window cleaning bots. Sure enough, just as we're being told about the high ... […]

  • Lapcade Arcade Controller
    on October 19, 2017 at 12:31 am

    The EZ-Key was not directly programmable in real time so the next solution would ... I then lightly sanded them and air dusted. I used wood glue to attach the pieces together. The books in the photos below were placed to put pressure on the freshly glued ... […]

  • October half-term events in Surrey 2017 - things to do and family attractions
    on October 15, 2017 at 10:30 pm

    On day one, 7-11 year-olds can design and programme their own video games and on day two build programmable and wearable devices ... Armed with plenty of glitter, glue and his trustee shapes, Mister Maker is ready to delight Mini Makers in Woking ... […]

  • Programmable DNA Glue Can Selectively 3D-Print Natural Materials
    on January 18, 2015 at 9:59 pm

    A team of researchers from University of Texas at Austin has developed a new technique which uses the binding properties of DNA to create selective glues, which will be able to produce complex 3D-printed objects using natural, living materials. The ... […]

  • Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble
    on September 9, 2013 at 5:37 am

    A team of researchers at the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University has found a way to self-assemble complex structures out of bricks smaller than a grain of salt. The self-assembly method could help solve one of the ... […]

  • Programmable glue made of DNA directs tiny gel bricks to self-assemble
    on September 8, 2013 at 5:00 pm

    DNA makes glue programmable because one strand of DNA will stick tightly to a matching partner strand, but only if the two strands have chemical "letters," or nucleotides, that are complementary (A to T, C to G). Gel bricks coated with matching strands of ... […]

via Google News and Bing News

Other Interesting Posts

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: