A new radar-based technology named Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response (FINDER) has been developed
When natural disasters or man-made catastrophes topple buildings, search and rescue teams immediately set out to recover victims trapped beneath the wreckage. During these missions, time is imperative, and quickly detecting living victims greatly increases chances for rescue and survival.
A new radar-based technology named Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response (FINDER) has been developed by the Department of Homeland Security’s Science and Technology Directorate (S&T) and the National Aeronautics Space Administration’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) to detect a human heartbeat buried beneath 30 feet of crushed materials, hidden behind 20 feet of solid concrete, and from a distance of 100 feet in open spaces. In the past several months, S&T and JPL have been testing and developing several FINDER prototypes. Last June, DHS and first responders used the prototype to conduct more than 65 test searches with two Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) teams: the Virginia Task Force One (VA-TF1) at the Fairfax County Fire Department training center and Virginia Task Force Two (VA-TF2) in Virginia Beach, Va.
“Testing proved successful in locating a VA-TF1 member buried in 30 feet of mixed concrete, rebar, and gravel rubble from a distance of over 30 feet,” said John Price, S&T program manager. “This capability will complement the current Urban Search and Rescue tools such as canines, listening devices, and video cameras to detect the presence of living victims in rubble.”
In disaster scenarios, such as earthquakes and tornadoes, the wreckage is made up of twisted and shattered materials. Radar signals bounce back so signals are complex. “Isolating the relatively weak signal of a heartbeat within the noisy signals becomes a difficult task,” said Edward Chow, JPL program manager. “JPL’s radar expertise helps in this challenge.”
JPL uses advanced data processing systems to pick out faint signals. The microwave radar technology is sensitive enough to distinguish the unique signature of a human’s breathing pattern and heartbeat from other living creatures. The advantage of this technology is in allowing first responders to quickly ascertain if a living victim is present in the debris. The technology is sensitive enough that victims, whether conscious or not, can easily be detected, which helps responders decide the most efficient course of action.
“It is anticipated that a commercialized technology could be ready to be used in search and rescue operations as early as spring 2014,” Price said.
The Latest on: Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response
- Amid Puerto Rico Disaster, Hospital Ship Admitted Just 6 Patients a Day on December 7, 2017 at 5:30 am
“People saw the big, white ship and came running,” said Murad Raheem, a regional emergency coordinator for the Department of Health and Human Services who oversaw the federal government’s health response to the disaster. The Comfort cared for 67 ... […]
- Colorado Disaster Help In Puerto Rico Includes Behavioral Health on December 5, 2017 at 12:00 pm
"This was hands-down the fastest, most whirlwind emergency response I've ever been part of," she said ... "But here's the problem," she added. "After a disaster, people are messy. There's a simultaneous need for people and impact on people. […]
- Top Emergency Management Official: Hit the ‘Reset Button’ on Disaster Recovery Roles on November 30, 2017 at 1:56 pm
WASHINGTON — State and local governments should own the disaster recovery process by creating integrated, outcome-based mitigation plans like Puerto Rico post-Hurricane Maria, the Federal Emergency ... s role in disaster response and recovery. […]
- How to cope with fears of a nuclear disaster on November 29, 2017 at 8:47 am
an expert in public health preparedness and emergency response. "People are very concerned, and I worry some of our most vulnerable may begin to have difficulty in coping with that level of fear." A CNN poll in October found that 86% of Americans believe ... […]
- Neighborhood volunteers form emergency response teams in Bay area in case of disasters on June 20, 2017 at 2:05 pm
The program's website explains trained professionals educate people about basic disaster response ... Emergency Management team recently updated brochures with their Disaster Planning Guide that states your evacuation zone may have changed this year. You ... […]
- NASA harnesses space technology to find victims of natural disasters on June 17, 2015 at 7:18 am
The cutting-edge Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response (FINDER) technology recently saved four lives in during a collapse of a textile factory and another building in village of Chautara in Nepal. What exactly is FINDER? It is a portable ... […]
- Disaster Reduction Day highlights needs and roles of older people for emergencies on October 9, 2014 at 5:00 pm
When uprooted and resettled in emergency camps, they are often unable to obtain care or medication for chronic conditions such as high blood pressure. They can find it ... including older people in feeding programmes in response to disasters.&rdquo […]
- FINDER Boost Emergency Response on September 13, 2013 at 4:07 pm
A modern technology gadget called FINDER that can detect a human heart beat 30 feet below rubble has been successfully tested to boost emergency response in several rescue scenarios. The Finding Individuals for Disaster and Emergency Response (FINDER ... […]
- Disaster and emergency management field growing on June 28, 2013 at 1:18 am
Jobs are increasing in both the public and private sector, ranging from companies like Servpro to disaster response ... in the number of people meeting the education and training standards needed for an Illinois Professional Emergency Management Certificate. […]
- How Social Media Is Changing Disaster Response on April 9, 2012 at 4:10 am
As social media continues to play a pervasive role in the way people think, act and react to the world, it's also changing one of the most crucial ways of actually helping the world: how people respond to emergencies and disaster. From government agencies ... […]
via Google News and Bing News