Objects created using 3-D printing have a common flaw: They are fragile and often fall apart or lose their shape.
The printed fabrications often fail at points of high stress.
“You can go online, create something using a 3-D printer and pay $300, only to find that it isn’t strong enough to survive shipping and arrives in more than one piece,” said Radomir Mech, senior research manager from Adobe’s Advanced Technology Labs.
The 3-D printers create shapes layer-by-layer out of various materials, including metals and plastic polymers. Whereas industry has used 3-D printing in rapid prototyping for about 15 years, recent innovations have made the technology practical for broader applications, he said.
“Now 3-D printing is everywhere,” Benes said. “Imagine you are a hobbyist and you have a vintage train model. Parts are no longer being manufactured, but their specifications can be downloaded from the Internet and you can generate them using a 3-D printer.”
The recent rise in 3-D printing popularity has been fueled by a boom in computer graphics and a dramatic reduction of the cost of 3-D printers, Benes said.
Researchers at Purdue and Adobe’s Advanced Technology Labs have jointly developed a program that automatically imparts strength to objects before they are printed.
“It runs a structural analysis, finds the problematic part and then automatically picks one of the three possible solutions,” Benes said.
Findings were detailed in a paper presented during the SIGGRAPH 2012 conference in August. Former Purdue doctoral student Ondrej Stava created the software application, which automatically strengthens objects either by increasing the thickness of key structural elements or by adding struts. The tool also uses a third option, reducing the stress on structural elements by hollowing out overweight elements.
“We not only make the objects structurally better, but we also make them much more inexpensive,” Mech said. “We have demonstrated a weight and cost savings of 80 percent.”
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